keratopathy


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keratopathy

 [ker″ah-top´ah-the]
noninflammatory disease of the cornea.
band keratopathy a condition characterized by an abnormal gray circumcorneal band.

ker·a·top·a·thy

(ker'ă-top'ă-thē),
Any corneal disease, damage, dysfunction, or abnormality.
Synonym(s): keratopathia
[kerato- + G. pathos, suffering, disease]

ker·a·top·a·thy

(ker'ă-top'ă-thē)
Any corneal disease, damage, dysfunction, or abnormality.
Synonym(s): keratopathia.
[kerato- + G. pathos, suffering, disease]

keratopathy

Any disorder of the outer lens of the eye (the CORNEA).

keratopathy

A non-inflammatory disease of the cornea. See corneal dystrophy.
actinic keratopathy A form of corneal degeneration characterized by white or yellowish stromal deposits consisting of cholesterol, fats and phospholipids, and in some cases corneal vascularization. The condition may be caused by exposure to sunlight (especially ultraviolet radiations) or trauma. The deposits are usually present within the pupillary area, often as elevated nodules distributed in a band-shaped configuration, and can have a dramatic effect on visual function. The damage is similar to that found in pterygium and pinguecula. Treatment consists of resorbing the lipid infiltrates and, in severe cases, keratoplasty. Syn. Bietti's band-shaped nodular dystrophy; climatic droplet keratopathy; Labrador keratopathy; lipid droplet degeneration.
band keratopathy A disorder characterized by the deposition of calcium salts in the anterior layers of the cornea, such as the basement membrane, Bowman's layer and the anterior stromal lamellae. They appear as opacities forming a more or less horizontal band with clear holes within the band giving it a Swiss cheese appearance. The causes may be systemic (e.g. hypercalcaemia, familial, old age, chronic renal failure) or ocular (e.g. chronic anterior uveitis, interstitial keratitis, silicone oil in the anterior chamber, phthisis bulbi). It is commonly associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and sarcoidosis. Symptoms include irritation and blurring of vision. Treatment may be necessary for cosmetic or visual reasons. It consists of removal of the calcium salts by scraping the corneal epithelium followed by irrigation with EDTA, or laser keratectomy. Syn. band-shaped corneal dystrophy. See juvenile idiopathic arthritis; ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA).
bullous keratopathy Degenerative condition of the cornea characterized by the formation of epithelial blebs or bullae, which burst after a few days. This condition may follow cataract surgery, corneal trauma, severe corneal oedema, glaucoma, iridocyclitis, etc. Soft contact lenses have often been found useful to relieve pain in this condition by protecting the denuded nerve endings. See cornea guttata; Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy; therapeutic soft contact lens.
climatic droplet keratopathy; Labrador keratopathy See actinic keratopathy.
exposure keratopathy A disorder caused by the failure of the eyelids to cover the globe, resulting in improper wetting of the ocular surface by the tears with consequent desiccation of the corneal epithelium. This condition may be caused by facial nerve disorders in which the orbicularis oculi muscle is paralysed, or sleep lagophthalmos, or as a result of hard contact lens wear. The cornea presents punctate epithelial erosions, which may develop, into ulcers. Treatment is with frequent lubrication and if severe, lid surgery may be required. Syn. lagophthalmic keratitis; neuroparalytic keratopathy. See neuroparalytic keratitis; 3 and 9 o'clock staining.
neurotrophic keratopathy Condition characterized by an anaesthesia of the cornea. It results in a breakdown of the corneal epithelial layer allowing trauma, desiccation and infection. It is believed to occur as a result of the loss of trophic influence of the nerve supply to the cornea and/or of reduced blinking and the loss of lacrimation. Causes include herpes simplex virus, herpes zoster, lattice dystrophy, fifth nerve lesion and diabetes mellitus. Treatment mainly consists of tear substitute and intermittent or constant lid taping, but anti-infective regimen, punctal occlusion, tarsorrhaphy or neurosurgical intervention may be necessary. Syn. neurotrophic keratitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Based on product type, global keratoprosthesis market is segmented as below: Boston Keratoprosthesis (KPro) Type I Type II AlphaCor Others Based on disease indication, global keratoprosthesis market is segmented as below: Bullous Keratopathy Keratoconus Keratitis Others Based on end user, global keratoprosthesis market is segmented as below: Hospitals Ambulatory Surgical Centers Others Request/View TOC@ https://www.factmr.com/connectus/sample?flag=T&rep_id=859 Keratoprosthesis Market: Overview The keratoprosthesis market is expected to grow exponentially over the forecast period due to increasing incidence of corneal infection.
ReGenTree is also sponsoring a Phase 3 clinical trial in patients with neurotrophic keratopathy (NK).
Mild striate keratopathy developed in 12 eyes that was resolved when patients were reviewed on day 3.
Here, a case with ichthyosis, liver cirrhosis, cataract, keratopathy, ectropion, elevated muscle enzyme levels, minimal loss of hearing, and lipid storage in peripheral blood neutrophils is presented (1-4).
The few main topics of the event are, Ophthalmology Surgery, Glaucoma: A Vision Loss, New Surgical Treatments For Glaucoma, Neuro-Ophthalmology, Pediatric Ophthalmology, Retina and Retinal Diseases, Cornea Disorders And Treatment, Neurotrophic Keratopathy, Thyroid Eye Disease (TED or Graves Eye Disease), Ophthalmic Optics / Optometry, Ophthalmic Drug Delivery, Ocular Diagnosis and Ophthalmic Imaging, Orbital Exenteration Surgery, Ophthalmology Practice, Refractive Errors in Children.
Exposure keratopathy, if not treated urgently, can be potentially sight-threatening.
Applying the anterior chamber IOL after removal of dislocated lens is easy, but this may cause corneal endothelial cell insufficiency that may result in bullous keratopathy and sight loss (1, 3, 4).
In total, 2288 individuals (4576 eyes) participated in this study, among which 129 subjects (258 eyes) were excluded from the study due to pseudophakia (172), keratopathy (23), atrophy of eyeball (7), or severe lens opacity (56).
Slit-lamp examination showed vascularized corneal opacity with early band keratopathy with 360 degree limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) with cholesterol deposition over right cornea and vascularized corneal opacity from 7 to 4 o'clock position with cholesterol deposition and LSCD over left one.
There are 4 categories of HSV keratitis, based on the location of the infection: epithelial, stromal, endotheliitis, and neurotrophic keratopathy.
Out of 100 patients 28% of patients had complications of keratopathy such as 9% had punctuate keratitis, 15% had pseudogerontoxon, 4% had shield ulcer which correlates with Totan et al [11] study conducted on 82 patients of VKC which showed 31% keratopathy related complications.
Of the patients with low vision, 3 had macular involvement, 2 had radiation keratopathy, 2 were enucleated due to tumor recurrence and 1 developed neovascular glaucoma.