keratoconjunctivitis sicca


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to keratoconjunctivitis sicca: Sjogren's syndrome

keratoconjunctivitis

 [ker″ah-to-kon-junk″tĭ-vi´tis]
inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva.
epidemic keratoconjunctivitis a highly infectious form, commonly with regional lymph node involvement, occurring in epidemics; an adenovirus has been repeatedly isolated from affected patients.
phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis a form marked by formation of a phlyctenule (small lesion) at the corneal limbus.
keratoconjunctivitis sic´ca a condition marked by hyperemia of the conjunctiva, thickening and drying of the corneal epithelium, and itching and burning of the eye. Called also dry eye.

ker·a·to·con·junc·ti·vi·tis sic·ca

keratoconjunctivitis associated with decreased tears.
See also: Sjögren syndrome.
Dryness of eyes, often due to decreased tear secretion, which occurs in Sjögren syndrome, autoimmune disorders—systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, sarcoidosis—amyloidosis, hypothyroidism, vitamin A deficiency, and in periorbital lymphoproliferative disorders

ker·a·to·con·junc·ti·vi·tis sic·ca

(ker'ă-tō-kŏn-jŭngk'ti-vī'tis sik'ă)
A chronic mucopurulent conjunctivitis, sometimes leading to corneal ulceration and scarring, due to deficit of the aqueous component of tears.
Synonym(s): dry eye syndrome.

keratoconjunctivitis sicca

Dry eye. A state of inadequate wetting and lubrication of the cornea as a result of defective tear production. This results from damage to the tear glands by the same AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE process that causes RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, SJOGREN'S SYNDROME, systemic lupus erythematosus and other related conditions. Dry eye is common in all these disorders. There is constant discomfort, foreign-body sensation and sometimes pain and the condition may progress to infection and ulceration of the cornea. Treatment is by the regular use of artificial tears.

ker·a·to·con·junc·ti·vi·tis sic·ca

(ker'ă-tō-kŏn-jŭngk'ti-vī'tis sik'ă)
A chronic mucopurulent conjunctivitis, sometimes leading to corneal ulceration and scarring.
Synonym(s): dry eye syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Study of autoantibodies in patients with keratoconjunctivitis sicca infected by the human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1.
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca. In: Smolin G, Thoft RA, eds.
The potential of cyclosporine-A for treating dry eye disease was initially recognized in dogs who developed spontaneous keratoconjunctivitis sicca. The therapeutic efficacy of cyclosporine for human KCS was then documented in several small single center clinical trials1-5.
The results of the study concluded that the ocular manifestations were found in a significant proportion of patients with RA of which keratoconjunctivitis sicca was the common disease.
Pilot trial of cyclosporine 1 % ophthalmic ointment in the treatment of keratoconjunctivitis sicca Cornea.
It is well documented, however, that the gland's exeresis is one of the causes reported of iatrogenic keratoconjunctivitis sicca in dogs (FARIAS et al., 2001; ALMEIDA et al., 2004).
Dry eye syndrome, also called keratoconjunctivitis sicca or ocular sicca, is the result.
Dry eye (keratoconjunctivitis sicca) is so common in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, even in those who don't have concomitant Sjogren's syndrome, that clinicians should always consider it a possibility in RA, said Dr.
Left untreated, irritated and tearing eyes can lead to more serious problems such as blurry vision, cornea infections, and even an ocular surface disease called keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
Until now there has been no treatment for the cause of the disorder, called keratoconjunctivitis sicca, although its symptoms can be controlled, according to Renee Kaswan of the University of Georgia in Athens.
(7) In addition, inflammatory diseases, such as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), (8) bronchiectasis (9) and arthritis (10) are often associated with this viral infection.
It's called "keratoconjunctivitis sicca," commonly referred to as "dry eye" or KCS, and it can become serious.