kefir

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ke·fir

(ke-fēr')
An enzyme-rich drink made from fermented milk that helps maintain the workings of the gastrointestinal tract.

kefir

, kefyr (ke′fir, kē′fĕr) [Russian kefir]
A preparation of curdled milk made originally in the Caucasus by adding grains of kefir (a probiotic combination of bacteria, yeasts, proteins, lipids, and sugars) to milk.
References in periodicals archive ?
kefyr, along with other unspecified species were also increased (10).
The yeast used in this study, isolated from spoiled yogurt and identified as Candida kefyr, is well recognized as a spoilage microorganism in dairy products [19].
kefyr clinical isolates that are associated with in vitro echinocandin resistance (35,39).
By using the [MIC.sub.90] values for isolates from humans, at a 10 mg/kg oral dose delivered once daily in cockatiels, the AUC: MIC for C albicans, C krusei, C glabrata, C parapsilosis, C tropicalis, C lusitaniae, and C kefyr is 298.56, 2.33, 4.66, 74.64, 74.64, 74.64, and 298.56, respectively.
Although the possible mechanism was not determined, the administration of nitrate with [beta]1-4 galactooligosaccharide (GOS), yeast (Candida kefyr strain), Lactic acid bacteria (Lactococcus lactis subsp.
Contemporaneous Cultures Positive for Candida Species in Standard and/or Myco/F Lytic Bottles Standard Myco/F Lytic Both C albicans 4 1 6 C parapsilosis 1 2 5 C glabrata 2 1 4 C tropicalis 1 0 3 C pararugosa 0 0 1 C kefyr 1 0 0 Total 9 4 19
Kefir's vigorous beneficial bacteria, which easily colonize in the digestive tract, include Lactococus spp., Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lactobacillus kefyr, Kliyveromyces marxianus, and Saccharomyces unisporus.
Antifungal activity of the chloroform extract of Hypericum ternum against Candida spp Hypericum ternum (chloroform) Amphotericin B Ketoconazole Candida tropicalis 250 15 3 (CEREMIC 131-2000) Candida parapsilosis 1000 30 25 (CEREMIC 118-2000) Candida glabrata 500 30 5 (CEREMIC 115-2000) Candida lusitaniae 1000 10 10 (CEREMIC 124-2000) Candida krusei 500 0.7 1 (CEREMIC 117-2000) Candida kefyr 500 0.7 5 (CEREMIC 123-2000) Candida colliculosa 500 1.5 0.7 (CEREMIC 122-2000) Table 3.
Strains [mL.sup.-1]) [mL.sup.-1]) Candida albicans (ATCC 14053) 29.6 158.4 Candida albicans (ATCC 64546) 29.6 79.2 Candida krusei (ATCC 6258) 14.8 79.2 Candida albicans (LAC15) 29.6 158.4 Candida parapsilosis (LAC1) 29.6 79.2 Candida utilis (LAC2) 29.6 158.4 Candida kefyr (LAC4) 14.8 79.2 Candida albicans (LAC3) 14.8 158.4 Candida tropicalis (LAC6) 118.4 > 316.8 Candida albicans (LAC5) 14.8 79.2 Candida albicans (LAC13) 14.8 158.4 MIC MIC amB + amB Black tea ([micro]g.
Brossas et al., "Rapid emergence of echinocandin resistance during Candida kefyr fungemia treatment with caspofungin," Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol.
kefyr. (a) Total number of Candida isolates from blood (or the total number of candidemia episodes when the number of isolates was not available from the original study).
lusitaniae, Candida dubliniensis, Candida guilliermondii, Candida parapsilosis, Candida kefyr. (2) HiCrome Candida Differential Agar is a selective and a differential medium, which allows differentiation of Candida species namely C.