karaya powder

karaya powder

[kär′äyä]
Etymology: Hindi, karayal, resin; L, pulvis, dust
a dried form of Sterculia urens or other species of Sterculia, used as a bulk cathartic. The use of such a bulk-forming cathartic may also increase the loss of sodium, potassium, and water. With some individuals the use of karaya powder may cause allergic reactions such as urticaria, rhinitis, dermatitis, and asthma. Methylcellulose has largely replaced this drug in modern use. Externally it is used as a drying agent for stage I and stage II pressure ulcers.
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Pastes are thicker, contain petrolatum, higher concentrations of zinc oxide, karaya powder in some, moisturizers, and other additives to aid in protection, prevention, healing, and comfort.
A diaper ointment or cream combined with a protective powder such as Stomahesive Protective Powder (Convatec, Princeton, NJ), karaya powder, or cornstarch may be used.