kanamycin


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Related to kanamycin: chloramphenicol, Kanamycin sulfate

kanamycin

 [kan″ah-mi´sin]
a broad-spectrum aminoglycosideantibiotic derived from Streptomyces kanamyceticus; effective against many gram-negative bacteria, and some gram-positive bacteria, including mycobacteria; used as the sulfate salt, administered orally, parenterally, or by inhalation.

kanamycin

/kan·a·my·cin/ (kan″ah-mi´sin) an aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from Streptomyces kanamyceticus, effective against aerobic gram-negative bacilli and some gram-positive bacteria, including mycobacteria; used as the sulfate salt.

kanamycin

(kăn′ə-mī′sĭn)
n.
A broad-spectrum antibiotic, C18H36O11N4, obtained from the soil bacterium Streptomyces kanamyceticus and used to treat a variety of bacterial infections, usually in its sulfate form.

kanamycin

[kan′əmī′sin]
an antibacterial substance derived from Streptomyces kanamyceticus.

kanamycin

Microbiology A broad-spectrum aminoglycoside antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces kanamyceticus, which is effective against gram-negative rods, and some gram-positive organisms Toxicity Ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity Molecular biology Kanamycin inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the 30s ribosomal subunit and preventing translocation

kanamycin

A broad spectrum aminoglycoside antibiotic derived from a oil actinomycete. Kanamycin is active against GRAM NEGATIVE organisms but is now largely replaced by gentamicin. The aminoglycosides can cause deafness, TINNITUS and kidney damage. The drug is on the WHO official list. A brand name is Kannasyn.

kanamycin

(kānəmī´sin),
n an aminoglycoside antibiotic that acts by inhibiting the synthesis of protein in susceptible organisms. Kanamycin requires close clinical supervision because of its potential toxicity and adverse side effects to the auditory and vestibular branches of the eighth cranial nerve and to the renal tubules.

kanamycin

an aminoglycoside antibiotic used as the sulfate; active against many gram-negative and acid-fast bacteria. Similar to amikacin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Amikacin is a modified form of kanamycin A, which has a substituted aminobutryl in the amino group at position 1 in the 2-deoxystreptamine ring, and this enhances its resistance to some types of aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes (7).
Wang and Tor have reported the synthesis of both symmetrical and non- symmetrical dimers of aminoglycosides derived from neomycin, kanamycin and tobramycin (Fig.
kanamycin, hygromycin, methotrexate, bleomycin, geneticin and phosphenothricin, whose expression in transformed cells confers the ability to survive and proliferate on the selection medium, whereas sensitive cells die (Jones et al.
Some resistant colonies were inoculated in 5 ml of 2xYT medium supplemented with Ampicilin (100 [micro]g/ml) and kanamycin (25 [micro]g/ml) and grown overnight at 37[degrees]C.
All bacterial strains were resistant against bacitracin but showed different degrees of sensitivity against kanamycin, erythromycin, streptomycin, oxytetracyclin and neomycin (Table II).
Resistance rates to various first-line and second-line drugs among MDR-TB patients * First-line drug Resistance Second-line Resistance rate (%) drug rate (%) Isoniazid 100 Kanamycin 6.
tumefaciens strain GV3101 harboring pCAMBIA-1301-CsEXP10 was grown on Yeast Extract Peptone (YEP) medium supplemented with 50 mg L-1 kanamycin and 50 mg L-1 rifampicin on incubator shaker (28 +-1degC, 250 rpm) for 16 h.
Klebsiella 370 Sulfonamide, Trimethoprim, Quinolone, Acriflavin, Glyoxalase, Bleomycin Tetracycline, Gentamicin, Tobramycin, Amikacin, Streptomycin, Colicin, Tunicamycin, Chloramphenicol,Fosfomycin, Florfenicol, Erythromycin, kanamycin, Neomycin, Apramycin, Trimethoprim, Rifampin and Spectinomycin Acinetobacter 212 Sulfonamide, Trimethoprim, Aminoglycoside,Gentamicin, Bleomycin, Carbapenem, Amikacin, Kanamycin and Neomycin.
coli strain (M15, pREP4) supplied by Qiagen (Valencia, USA) was grown at 37oe%C in Luria Bertani broth containing kanamycin (25 [micro]g/mL), as the strain carries kanamycin resistant plasmid.
The following concentrations were used: 10 [micro]g/mL ampicillin, 25 [micro]g/mL chlortetracycline, 25 pg/mL oxytetracycline, 25 [micro]g/mL nalidixic acid, 50 [micro]g/mL chloramphenicol, 50 [micro]g/mL kanamycin, 50 [micro]g/mL streptomycin, and 25 [micro]g/mL tetracycline.
In one experiment using the device, the researchers observed the effects of an antibiotic, called kanamycin, on E.