of Heliothis armigera and Corcyra cephalonica and their influence on the parasitic potential of Trichogramma chilonis Trichogrammatidae: Hyme noptera).
Three major allelochemicals are pheromones, allomones, and kairomones
. Pheromones allow chemical communication between members of the same species; allomones allow chemical communication between individuals of differing species and are usually of benefit to the individual sending the signal.
"There are a lot of known kairomones
, but most are worthless for commercial applications to monitor insects under field conditions," Henrick says.
In a second set of experiments, these species were tested for their ability to detect mammalian predators by exposing them to kairomones
from nonpredatory white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and opossum to determine if these salamanders recognize opossums as a predator and respond with predator-avoidance behavior.
Loughrin JH, Potter DA, Hamilton-Kemp TR (1995) Volatile compounds induced by herbivory act as aggregation kairomones
for the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman).
Prey may detect predators through chemicals inadvertently released by the predators (e.g., kairomones
), chemicals released by other prey either during or after attack or capture (e.g., alarm cues and damage-released cues), and chemicals released by predators after digesting prey (e.g., metabolites).
Olfactory responses to aphid and host plant volatile releases: (E)-b-farnesene an effective kairomone
for the predator Adalia bipunctata.
Isolation and identification of volatile kairomone
that affects acarine predator-prey interactions.
In fact, Stowers said they now suspect kairomone
communication might have come first.
melinus is mediated by a kairomone
, O-caffeoyltyrosine, in scale covers.
From the resulting clones, 10 were picked randomly to be studied for their phototactic behavior in the absence and presence of fish kairomone
. The small size of the Citadelpark pond and the intermittent nature of the D.
Separation and purification of host recognition kairomone
of Telenomus theophilae by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography.