juxtaglomerular


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juxtaglomerular

 [juks″tah-glo-mer´u-lar]
near to or adjoining a glomerulus of the kidney.

jux·ta·glo·mer·u·lar

(jŭks'tă-glŏ-mer'yū-lăr),
Close to or adjoining a renal glomerulus.

juxtaglomerular

/jux·ta·glo·mer·u·lar/ (-glo-mer´u-ler) near or next to a renal glomerulus.

juxtaglomerular

[-glōmer′ələr]
Etymology: L, juxta, near, glomerulus, small ball
pertaining to an area near or adjacent to the afferent and efferent arterioles of the kidney glomerulus.

jux·ta·glo·mer·u·lar

(jŭks'tă-glō-mĕr'yū-lăr)
Close to or adjoining a renal glomerulus.

juxtaglomerular

Situated near to a kidney GLOMERULUS.

juxtaglomerular

near to or adjoining a glomerulus of the kidney.

juxtaglomerular apparatus, juxtaglomerular complex
a group of structures adjoining a renal glomerulus and which includes afferent and efferent arterioles, macula densa, extraglomerula mesangium and the juxtaglomerular cells (modified afferent arteriolar smooth muscle cells).
References in periodicals archive ?
Sympathetic stimulation acts directly on the macula densa, a group of modified cells in the distal tubules near the end of the loop of Henle and closely associated with juxtaglomerular cells.
Renin which is secreted from juxtaglomerular cells in the kidney acts on angiotensinogen and converts it into angiotensin I [6].
The decreased renal perfusion then results in stimulation of the juxtaglomerular (J-G) cells which lie close to the glomerulus triggering the renin-angiotensin response.
The renal morphology, with the predominance of tubules and prominent juxtaglomerular apparatus, is consistent with the adaption towards an arid habitat where the species lives and a necessity to produce highly concentrated urine.
Renal sympathetic nerves innervate the tubules, the vessels, and the juxtaglomerular granular cells of the kidney (1).
The convoluted tubules coil like spaghetti, so that the distal convoluted tubule can have its cells against the afferent arteriole of the glomerulus, allowing for the juxtaglomerular apparatus to form.
More rare entities include fibroma, leiomyoma, extramedullary hemato poiesis, hemangioma, and juxtaglomerular cell tumors; however, there are no definitive imaging features of these entities that would obviate pathologic diagnosis.
Renin is an enzyme that is produced by the juxtaglomerular apparatus of the kidney in response to low sodium flow in the distal convoluted tubule and causes the cleaving of endogenous angiotensinogen to angiotensin I.
And mechanistic links exist: Active vitamin D suppresses renin expression in the juxtaglomerular apparatus, and vitamin D also inhibits the growth of vascular smooth muscle cells.
These results suggest that the beneficial effects of Panamanian plant extracts on the cardiovascular system do not involve effects on the [beta]1 receptors which are located in the heart and control its contractile force and rate, or the juxtaglomerular cells of the kidney which control the release of renin which activates the renin-angiotensin system.
Increased juxtaglomerular renin staining was present in the uric acid model (Mazzali et al.