jugular venous pressure

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Related to jugular venous pressure: central venous pressure

jugular venous pressure

Abbreviation: JVP
Back pressure exerted into the jugular veins from the right side of the heart.

Patient care

To estimate jugular venous pressure, have the patient lie on his or her back with the chest, neck, and head elevated 30 degrees above the horizontal. Measure the vertical height of the fullness seen as the jugular vein fills. In the healthy (and in the dehydrated) little or no blood is seen in the jugular veins, and they appear to be flat. In right-sided heart failure, the column of blood distends the jugular veins to a height of 5 to 6 cm or more.

See also: pressure
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Applefeld, "The jugular venous pressure and pulse contour," in Source Clinical Methods: The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations, chapter 19, Butterworths, Boston, Mass, USA, 1990.
Inspiratory crepts and wheezes were the most common physical findings followed by clubbing, raised jugular venous pressure and edema feet.
This includes (but not limited to) measurement of jugular venous pressure (JVP), inspecting for signs of oedema (dependent and peripheral), measurement of BP pre and post-dialysis, chest auscultation, assessing skin turgor and mucous membranes inspection (Amato, et al., 2008; Campbell, 2006).
Total body fluid balance was assessed by two independent observers who recorded the extent of oedema formation on a scale of 0 to 4, tissue turgor on a scale of 0 to -3, and by paying attention to the jugular venous pressure and pulse rate, blood pressure and signs of pulmonary congestion on the chest radiograph.