jugular vein


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jugular vein

n.
Any of several large veins of the neck that drain blood from the head.

jugular vein (picture)

A nonspecific term that corresponds to veins in the lateral and anterior neck:
(1) Anterior jugular vein; vena jugularis anterior [NA6]. 
(2) External jugular vein; vena jugularis externa [NA6]. 
(3) Internal jugular vein; vena jugularis interna [NA6].

jugular vein

Any of the two pairs of bilateral veins that return blood to the heart from the head and neck. The external jugular vein receives the blood from the exterior of the cranium and the deep parts of the face. It lies superficial to the sternocleidomastoid muscle as it passes down the neck to join the subclavian vein. The internal jugular vein receives blood from the brain and superficial parts of the face and neck. It is directly continuous with the transverse sinus, accompanying the internal carotid artery as it passes down the neck, and joins with the subclavian vein to form the innominate vein. The jugular veins are more prominent during expiration than during inspiration and are also prominent during cardiac decompensation.

When the patient is sitting or in a semirecumbent position, the height of the jugular veins and their pulsations can provide an accurate estimation of central venous pressure and give important information about cardiac compensation.

See also: jugular

jugular vein

The internal or the external jugular vein.
See also: vein
References in periodicals archive ?
Congenital phlebectasia of internal jugular vein. Dohuk Med J.
Clinical symptoms, as in the case presented here, manifest usually in the form of tinnitus and cervical murmur, and the condition must be suspected following cannulation either recent or distant in time, for jugular vein CVC.
On chest radiograph, the catheter could be seen looping back and going upward at the junction of the right internal jugular vein and the right subclavian vein (Figure 1).
The thrombosed jugular vein is rarely palpated [1] and local findings can be subtle or absent (Golpe 16).
In cases with an infection involving posterior lateral pharyngeal space, the thrombosed internal jugular vein (IJV) may not be palpable [4].
Aldabagh, "Congenital phlebectasia of internal jugular vein," Dohuk Medical Journal (DMJ), vol.
In the 2nd century, AD, Galen of Pergamon transposed his observations made on monkeys onto humans and claimed that the cephalic vein (Galen's humeral vein) "arose" from the external jugular vein and encircling the clavicle "ran towards the periphery" [8].
The meeting held at the Governor House here on Thursday, on the occasion Governor Sindh Muhammad Zubair said that Kashmir is the jugular vein of Pakistan which is incomplete without Kashmir.
Advantages of right internal jugular vein cannulation relate to the fact that it has got good external landmarks, its consistent and predictable anatomic location, its valve-less course to the superior vena cava and right atrium.
(1) Here we report our experience with an injury to the left internal jugular vein by a crossbow bolt.
Tumor of jugular vein in cow is a neoplastic condition.