jugular


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jugular

 [jug´u-lar]
1. cervical (def. 1).
2. pertaining to a jugular vein.
3. a jugular vein.
jugular veins large veins that return blood to the heart from the head and neck; each side of the neck has two jugular veins, external and internal. The external jugular carries blood from the face, neck, and scalp and has two branches, posterior and anterior. The internal jugular vein receives blood from the brain, the deeper tissues of the neck and the interior of the skull. The external jugular vein empties into the subclavian vein, and the internal jugular vein joins it to form the brachiocephalic vein, which carries the blood to the superior vena cava, where it continues to the heart. If one of these veins is severed, rapid loss of blood will result and air may enter the circulatory system. In such a case, a compress should be applied to the wound with pressure. See anatomic Table of Veins in the Appendices and see color plates.
Location of the internal and external jugular veins. From Polaski and Tatro, 1996.

jug·u·lar

(jŭg'yū-lăr),
1. Relating to the throat or neck.
2. Relating to the jugular veins.
3. A jugular vein.
[L. jugulum, throat]

jugular

(jŭg′yə-lər)
adj.
Of, relating to, or located in the region of the neck or throat.
n.
1. A jugular vein.
2. The most vital part: a strategic attack aimed at the enemy's jugular.

jug·u·lar

(jŭg'yū-lăr)
1. Relating to the throat or neck.
2. Relating to the jugular veins.
3. A jugular vein.
[L. jugulum, throat]

jugular

Pertaining to the throat or neck.

jugular

of or relating to the throat or neck, particularly the jugular veins, internal and external, that carry blood from the head to the anterior vena cava and hence to the heart.
References in periodicals archive ?
Placement of central venous catheters via the right internal jugular vein has become one of the most popular routes.
Transverse sinus thrombosis after internal jugular vein ligation.
On separation of skin, the neck region of tumor was exposed which was actually extension of left jugular vein.
High jugular bulb abnormalities are present in 8.2% of temporal bone specimens, and in 1 to 3% of cases the jugular bulb may erode into inner ear structures.
Given the stable hemodynamics, another internal jugular vein puncture was completed via the advancement of the guide wire through the right femoral vein [Figure 1]c, and a similar catheter was inserted.
It has been hypothesized that the rest of the blood might be stored in the collateral veins, because the jugular flow increases passing from the upper to the lower segment of the neck [26].
The jugular foramen may be considered as the complex foramen due to its irregular shape, surgical access, and contribution of two bones in its formation.6
Anatomical variations of internal jugular vein location: impact on central venous access.
(1) On CT scans, JFS appear isodense or slightly hyperdense and usually cause enlargement of the jugular foramen with smooth well-defined bony margins and no signs of bony infiltration.
Danny Ward is one of manager Mark Robins players who is charged with going for the jugular in the Barnsley box at the John Smith's ANDY CATCHPOOL
The buccal absorption of BPA can be viewed as a direct infusion of BPA into the internal jugular vein (in humans) likely to lead downstream to a totally different pattern of BPA biophase exposure compared with intestinal absorption.
Describing Kashmir as the " jugular vein" of Pakistan, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif said India and Pakistan should join hands to tackle poverty and disease instead of wasting their resources on wars.