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Related to joint prosthesis: excision arthroplasty
pl. prostheses [Gr.]
1. the replacement of an absent part by an artifical substitute.
2. an artificial substitute for a missing part, such as an eye, leg or tooth, used for functional or cosmetic reasons, or both.
see total hip replacement.
the principal example in veterinary surgery is total hip replacement.
is used infrequently in animals. It may be fitted in the orbit after enucleation (intraorbital), within the sclera after evisceration of the defective globe (intrascleral), or over the surface of a deformed globe (extrascleral).
not much used in animals, largely because of the great variability in the sizes needed and the small volume required. Human prostheses have been adapted for use in primates.
metal or synthetic conduits may be implanted in the treatment of urethral stricture and obstruction in male cats.