joint prosthesis


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Related to joint prosthesis: excision arthroplasty

joint(s) prosthesis

(prosthē´sis),
n the addition to or replacement of a member(s) or of structural elements within a joint to improve and enhance the function of the joint. Principal joint prostheses include hip replacement and knee replacement. Less common is a joint prosthesis for the temporomandibular joint.

prosthesis

pl. prostheses [Gr.]
1. the replacement of an absent part by an artifical substitute.
2. an artificial substitute for a missing part, such as an eye, leg or tooth, used for functional or cosmetic reasons, or both.

femoral prosthesis
see total hip replacement.
joint prosthesis
the principal example in veterinary surgery is total hip replacement.
ocular prosthesis
is used infrequently in animals. It may be fitted in the orbit after enucleation (intraorbital), within the sclera after evisceration of the defective globe (intrascleral), or over the surface of a deformed globe (extrascleral).
skeletal prosthesis
not much used in animals, largely because of the great variability in the sizes needed and the small volume required. Human prostheses have been adapted for use in primates.
urethral prosthesis
metal or synthetic conduits may be implanted in the treatment of urethral stricture and obstruction in male cats.
References in periodicals archive ?
In four patients with TMJ PT implants who had a significant decrease in their immunodeficiency panel, removal of the PT implants with extensive joint debridement and reconstruction with a custom-made total joint prosthesis resulted in a significant improvement toward normal values in three of the four patients at 1 year after surgery.
Figure 6: Motec Wrist Joint Prosthesis (Swemac Orthopaedics AB) 18
The TMJ reconstructive surgery was performed in one operation and included 1) unilateral right TMJ debridement and removal of heterotopic bone formation around the old prosthesis (Figure 8b); 2) removal of the Osteomed prosthesis; 3) unilateral right TMJ reconstruction with patient-fitted TMJ Concepts total joint prosthesis (Figure 5a); and 4) packing of autologous fat graft around the right TMJ prosthesis (Figure 5b).
This study provides the chronology of hip joint prosthesis design and advanced materials development.
34 Table 7: SWOT ReMotion Total Wrist 35 Table 8: Maestro Total Wrist System (Biomet Orthopedics) 36 Table 9: SWOT Maestro Total Wrist System 36 Table 10: Tornier Resurfacing Capitate Pyrocarbon Implant 38 Table 11: SWOT:Tornier Resurfacing Capitate Pyrocarbon Wrist Implant 38 Table 12: Motec Wrist Joint Prosthesis (Swemac Orthopaedics AB) 40 Table 13: SWOT Motec Wrist Joint Prosthesis 41 Table 14: MWP III Total Wrist Prosthesis (Zimmer Inc.
For interdepartmental laboratory of biomechanics created at the Sevastopol National Technical University in Sevastopol (SevNTU), Ukraine, it was decided due to hip joint designing experience, to design and build a hip wear test simulator according to ISO/FDIS 14242 to update the perspective total hip joint prosthesis designs included sapphire single crystal for one articulating surface (head) or both ones of a joint have developed by Sytenko Institute of Spine and Joint Pathology in Kharkov, Ukraine (Mamalis et al.
Firstly, softer material part (most of the cases, Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene) of the joint prosthesis may be totally worn off for reciprocating motion.
metacarpophalangeal joint prosthesis - phalangeal, interphalangeal and implants, anchors;
35 Table 7: SWOT ReMotion Total Wrist 35 Table 8: Maestro Total Wrist System (Biomet Orthopedics) 37 Table 9: SWOT Maestro Total Wrist System 37 Table 10: Tornier Resurfacing Capitate Pyrocarbon Implant 39 Table 11: SWOT:Tornier Resurfacing Capitate Pyrocarbon Wrist Implant 39 Table 12: Motec Wrist Joint Prosthesis (Swemac Orthopaedics AB) 41 Table 13: SWOT Motec Wrist Joint Prosthesis 42 Table 14: MWP III Total Wrist Prosthesis (Zimmer Inc.
In reference to TMJ reconstruction, my colleagues and I previously published a prospective study (1) comparing clinical outcomes using the only two TMJ total joint prosthesis systems commercially available and approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) at that time: the Christensen prosthesis (TMJ Implants Inc.
Development of human joint prosthesis and its cementless fixation with bone, National and international status, , published by School of Biosc.
The specific product segments analyzed are Hip Prosthesis, Knee Prosthesis, and Secondary Joint Prosthesis (Shoulder Prosthesis, & Other Secondary Joint Prosthesis).

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