joint prosthesis

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Related to joint prosthesis: excision arthroplasty

joint(s) prosthesis

n the addition to or replacement of a member(s) or of structural elements within a joint to improve and enhance the function of the joint. Principal joint prostheses include hip replacement and knee replacement. Less common is a joint prosthesis for the temporomandibular joint.


pl. prostheses [Gr.]
1. the replacement of an absent part by an artifical substitute.
2. an artificial substitute for a missing part, such as an eye, leg or tooth, used for functional or cosmetic reasons, or both.

femoral prosthesis
see total hip replacement.
joint prosthesis
the principal example in veterinary surgery is total hip replacement.
ocular prosthesis
is used infrequently in animals. It may be fitted in the orbit after enucleation (intraorbital), within the sclera after evisceration of the defective globe (intrascleral), or over the surface of a deformed globe (extrascleral).
skeletal prosthesis
not much used in animals, largely because of the great variability in the sizes needed and the small volume required. Human prostheses have been adapted for use in primates.
urethral prosthesis
metal or synthetic conduits may be implanted in the treatment of urethral stricture and obstruction in male cats.
References in periodicals archive ?
Addition to that in our case, the angiosarcoma was found just above trauma area and hip joint prosthesis in the proximal femur.
The control group was treated by segmental resection in combination with joint prosthesis and the observation group was treated by segmental resection and decompression combined with joint prosthesis.
This study provides the chronology of hip joint prosthesis design and advanced materials development.
Firstly, softer material part (most of the cases, Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene) of the joint prosthesis may be totally worn off for reciprocating motion.
Request for quotations: Delivery Of The Endoprosthesis For A Hip Joint Prosthesis
Development of human joint prosthesis and its cementless fixation with bone, National and international status, , published by School of Biosc.
The specific product segments analyzed are Hip Prosthesis, Knee Prosthesis, and Secondary Joint Prosthesis (Shoulder Prosthesis, & Other Secondary Joint Prosthesis).
Extensive studies are needed for use this material in major joint prosthesis.
Patent Office has awarded a patent to the Hospital for Special Surgery for a new type of shoulder joint prosthesis design for the glenoid component aimed at improving stability while maintaining fixation.
Smith elaborated, "Expansion into the bone graft substitute market will allow Encore to complement the sale of its total joint prosthesis and trauma devices with the ability to address surgery involving bone loss.
metacarpophalangeal joint prosthesis - phalangeal, interphalangeal and implants, anchors;

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