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skillful or dexterous treatment by the hands. In physical therapy, the forceful passive movement of a joint beyond its active limit of motion.
joint manipulation the attempt to restore the full joint mobility by a single forceful movement. It may be performed with the patient under anesthesia, as when restoring knee or shoulder motion after prolonged loss of motion with formation of adhesions that limit joint play. Joint manipulation applied to a spinal joint (usually referred to as high-velocity) is a short-amplitude thrust that is beyond the patient's voluntary control; it is always performed with the patient conscious.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Any of the passive therapeutic techniques used to stretch restricted joints or reposition a subluxation. The techniques are sometimes applied with rapid thrust movements and may be applied with the patient under anesthesia to ensure maximum relaxation.See: joint mobilization
See also: manipulation
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