arthrodesis

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arthrodesis

 [ahr″thro-de´sis]
artificial ankylosis; surgical fusion of a joint.

ar·throd·e·sis

(ar-throd'ĕ-sis, ar-thrō-dē'sis),
The stiffening of a joint by operative means.
[arthro- + G. desis, a binding together]

arthrodesis

(är-thrŏd′ĭ-sĭs, är′thrə-dē′sĭs)
n. pl. arthrode·ses (-sēz)
The surgical fixation of a joint to promote bone fusion, used to treat intractable pain.

arthrodesis

The creation of a bony union across a joint, which can be either spontaneous or surgical.

Sites of surgical arthrodesis, best joints
Ankle, knee, shoulder, hip.
 
Indications
Differ according to the joint: ankle arthrodesis is performed for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and post-traumatic arthritis; arthrodesis of the knee is usually performed as a last resort for infections (such as TB or neuropathic joint secondary to diabetes or syphilis), given the compromise in mobility that it causes.

Technique
Joints are denuded of cartilage, then shaped to conform to each other at the optimal angle; bone grafting is often used, as is some form of fixation, either internal (screws, rods, plates) or external (e.g., with a cast or external fixator).

arthrodesis

Joint fusion Orthopedics The creation of a bony union across a joint, which can be spontaneous or surgical; best arthrodesis joints: ankle, knee, shoulder, hip Indications Differ according to the joint; ankle arthrodesis is performed for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and posttraumatic arthritis; arthrodesis of the knee is usually performed as a last resort, given the compromise in mobility that it causes–eg sitting on airplanes or in movies, for infections–eg, TB or neuropathic joint 2º to DM or syphilis. See Chamley arthrodesis.

ar·thro·de·sis

(ahr-thrō'dē-sis)
The stiffening of a joint by operative means.
Synonym(s): artificial ankylosis, syndesis.
[arthro- + G. desis, a binding together]

arthrodesis

The fusion of the bones on either side of a joint so that no joint movement is possible. This may occur spontaneously, as a result of disease processes, or may be a deliberate surgical act done to relieve pain and improve function.
References in periodicals archive ?
To our knowledge, this is the first assessment of the utility of intraoperative neuromonitoring during MIS SI joint fusion using a series of triangular, TPS-coated implants.
The Prolix SI Joint Fusion System is used to treat degenerative sacroiliitis and SI joint disruptions in skeletally mature patients.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market iFuse (then called the "SI Joint Fusion System") for fracture fixation of long bones and large bone fragments of the pelvis for conditions including sacroiliac joint disruptions and degenerative sacroiliitis, and an additional clearance in April 2011 for sacroiliac joint fusion for conditions including sacroiliac joint disruptions and degenerative sacroiliitis.
As SI Bone currently holds a market share of more than 90 percent, the expansion of the company is expected to promote extensive growth of the minimally invasive SI joint fusion market.
- US-based Medicare Administrative Contractor FCSO has established coverage criteria for medical device company Si-Bone, Inc.'s MIS SI joint fusion when billed using an AMA CPT code, the company said.
The company is working to build and commercialize a portfolio of surgical solutions that use its patented technologies to address the increasing demand for improved sports medicine, joint fusion and musculoskeletal trauma products.
It is the only commercially available SI joint fusion device with published clinical evidence, including three large multicenter prospective studies, that demonstrates safety and effectiveness.
MedShape is a privately held medical device company working to develop a portfolio of surgical solutions based on its patented shape memory technologies in the areas of sports medicine, joint fusion and musculoskeletal trauma products.
M2 PHARMA-April 5, 2016-Medical Device Maker Zyga Technology Enrolls First Patients in Sacroiliac Joint Fusion
At present, the company makes two medical devices namely the SImmetry Sacroiliac Joint Fusion System treats pain where the spine meets the pelvis and the Glyder Facet Restoration System, treats chronic facet joint pain.
M2 PHARMA-February 12, 2016-Zimmer Biomet Holdings passes US FDA clearance for the Unite3D Bridge Fixation System in joint fusion surgery
- US-based musculoskeletal healthcare specialist Zimmer Biomet Holdings (NYSE: ZBH) (SIX: ZBH) has received 510(k) clearance from the US Food and Drug Administration for the Unite3D Bridge Fixation System, a 3D-printed technology designed to offer stability in foot and ankle arthrodesis (joint fusion) surgery, the company said on Thursday.

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