A longitudinal study of joint attention
and language development in autistic children.
2) joint attention
skills, which are the ability to focus attention on something that is pointed out to the child by another.
A CLOSE ENCOUNTER: Gateshead Thunder Under-18s' Crawford Matthews faces the joint attention
of two East Leeds players (above) during his side's 16-10 defeat, while (left) Adam Burns in action against Saddleworth PICTURES: PAUL CLAYTON
Although presentation of ASD is extremely varied, social deficits, including the lack of joint attention
(defined as manifest enjoyment of sharing an object or event with another person by looking back and forth between the two) appears to be a reliable and early warning sign of ASD in infants.
Alarcon and her associates also examined regional gene expression in human fetal brains, and found that CNTNAP2 was highly restricted to areas "known to contribute to complex human behaviors including speech and language, reward, frontal executive function, as well as joint attention
, a core deficit in autism spectrum disorders.
The programs were aimed to address skills such as group play, joint attention
, and language usage, or to improve performance of social behaviors, such as initiating interactions, responding to communication, and maintaining interactions.
Topics covered include the epidemiology of pervasive developmental disorders, early manifestations of autistic spectrum disorder during the first two years of life, early assessment of autistic spectrum disorders, implicit learning impairments in autism spectrum disorders, joint attention
and autism, systemizing and empathizing in autism spectrum conditions, executive functions in autism, language and its development in autism, development and behavioral profiles of children with autism and Asperger syndrom, the neuroanatomy of the brain in autism, cortical circuit abnormalities in the brains of autistic patients, and genetic research into autism.
However, Eaves and Ho believed that by 20 to 30 months, these children can be identified as having autism by experienced clinicians because of their atypical social behaviors, such as (a) impaired eye contact, (b) lack of response to their name, (c) poor motor imitation, and (d) lack of joint attention
or shared interest.
Research conducted by Sigman and Ruskin (1999) found that among children with autism, symbolic and functional play combined with joint attention
was predictive of expressive and receptive language skills nine years later.
One intriguing difference between developmental studies on Joint Attention
(where 'two individuals are attending to the same object, based on one individual using the attention cues of the second individual'; Emery, 2000, p.
The NJC performs a dispute resolution function and, in our experience, most disputes that are brought to the joint attention
of the NTF and SLA can be resolved without recourse to court action.
The ability to jointly attend to an object or an event with an adult member is related to language acquisition (Tomasello, 1988), and how a caretaker helps the child attend is an important aspect of joint attention