Step II: Item generation
. In this step items were generated on the basis of pertinent data gathered in the first step.
The initial version of OR4KT instrument was developed in four steps including (1) review of theory, (2) review of instruments, (3) Delphi study and expert panel, and (4) item generation
All empirical and theoretical literature was studied for item generation
. Opinions from focus groups were also incorporated.
were directly consulted to ensure that the amended items, selected by experienced employment consultants in the same manner as their original item generation
process, would be appropriate and consistent with the scoring methodology.
In the first step, commonly referred as "item generation
," the researcher provides theoretical support for the initial item pool (Hutz et al.
The study 1 dealt with the item generation
In study 1, a rigorous process of item generation
was adopted based on literature review.
 Item generation
is the first step in creating a new PROM.
As summarized by Polit and Beck (2006), CV has two distinct phases: "a priori efforts by the scale developer to enhance content validity through careful conceptualization and domain analysis prior to item generation
, and a posteriori efforts to evaluate the relevance of the scale's content through expert assessment" (p.
Step 1 consisted of item generation
and determination of face validity and categorization of items by judges.
Scale development was carried out in two phases: (a) item generation
, through which the research team, in close collaboration with a long-term community partner, created scale items based on content analysis of interviews with eight community partners, observations of existing community-university partnerships, and insights from the research literature; and (b) item analysis, through which the psychometric properties of the scale were examined and the scale slightly revised based on results of administering the scale to a sample of 31 community partners.