isosporiasis


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i·sos·po·ri·a·sis

(ī-sos'pō-rī'ă-sis),
Disease caused by infection with a species of Isospora, such as I. belli of humans; human disease usually is mild except in cases of immunodeficiency, as in AIDS, where it may cause an intractable diarrhea.

isosporiasis

[ī·sos′pə·rī′ə·sis]
infection with Isospora. Two species, I. hominis and I. belli, affect humans, causing diarrhea with abdominal pain and cramping. See also coccidiosis.

i·sos·po·ri·a·sis

(ī-sos'pŏ-rī'ă-sis)
Disease caused by infection with a species of Isospora, such as I. belli in humans; such disease usually is mild except in cases of immunosuppression, as in AIDS, where it may cause an intractable diarrhea.

isosporiasis

An infection with the protozoal parasite Isospora belli usually acquired by ingestion of egg cysts in water or food contaminated with human faeces. The condition most commonly affects people with AIDS, and 15 per cent of AIDS sufferers in Haiti are said to be affected. Isosporiasis causes abdominal colic, watery diarrhoea, fatty stools from malabsorption and dehydration, and is effectively treated with a combination of trimethoprim and sulphamethoxazole.
References in periodicals archive ?
Higher prevalence of isosporiasis was seen in patients with CD4 [less than or equal to]200 cells/pL as compared to those with higher CD4 + T cell counts.
The results obtained in this study can provide important information for future understanding of isosporiasis in HIV-positive patients.
Isosporiasis responds well to co-trimoxazole treatment--the usual dose is 2 single-strength tablets 6 hourly for 10 days, but intravenous therapy is recommended for severe cases, who often have malabsorption.
High proportion of isosporiasis among HIV infected patients with diarrhoea in southern India.
Clinically, cyclosporiasis cannot be distinguished from cryptosporidiosis or isosporiasis.
The commonest extra-intestinal manifestation of cryptosporidiosis, microsporidiosis and isosporiasis is acalculous cholecystitis.
Protozoal pathogens include Cryptosporidiosis, Isosporiasis, Microsporidiosis, Pnemo-cystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP) and Toxoplasmosis.
Isosporiasis responds well to cotrimoxazole treatment--the usual dose is 2 single-strength tablets 6 hourly for 10 days, but intravenous therapy is recommended for severe cases, who often have malabsorption.
Tuberculosis (n=36), pneumocystosis (n=28), toxoplasmosis (n=19), oesophageal candidiasis (n=17), cytomegalovirus disease (n=10), intestinal cryptosporidiosis (n=8), Kaposi's sarcoma (n=7), cryptococcosis (n=4), and isosporiasis (n=3) were the most common opportunistic illnesses observed.
In August 1988, he was retested after the isosporiasis recurred, and had an indeterminate HIV-1 WB and positive HIV-2 WB.
In a single case of isosporiasis found in Group 2, the patient had not used this medication around the time of the FPE.
Pulmonary and extra-pulmonary TB, salmonella, Escherichia coli, cryptosporidia and isosporiasis may present with fever, anorexia, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.