isosporiasis


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

i·sos·po·ri·a·sis

(ī-sos'pō-rī'ă-sis),
Disease caused by infection with a species of Isospora, such as I. belli of humans; human disease usually is mild except in cases of immunodeficiency, as in AIDS, where it may cause an intractable diarrhea.

i·sos·po·ri·a·sis

(ī-sos'pŏ-rī'ă-sis)
Disease caused by infection with a species of Isospora, such as I. belli in humans; such disease usually is mild except in cases of immunosuppression, as in AIDS, where it may cause an intractable diarrhea.

isosporiasis

An infection with the protozoal parasite Isospora belli usually acquired by ingestion of egg cysts in water or food contaminated with human faeces. The condition most commonly affects people with AIDS, and 15 per cent of AIDS sufferers in Haiti are said to be affected. Isosporiasis causes abdominal colic, watery diarrhoea, fatty stools from malabsorption and dehydration, and is effectively treated with a combination of trimethoprim and sulphamethoxazole.
References in periodicals archive ?
Soave, "Coccidian infections in AIDS: Toxoplasmosis, Cryptosporidiosis, and Isosporiasis," Medical Clinics of North America, vol.
Higher prevalence of isosporiasis was seen in patients with CD4 [less than or equal to]200 cells/pL as compared to those with higher CD4 + T cell counts.
belli as the most common coproparasite in HIV infected individuals with diarrhoea and revealed an increasing trend in the proportion of isosporiasis (3-6).
Cryptosporidiosis, isosporiasis, and strongyloidiasis.
This level of resistance may compromise the usefulness of SXT in preventing bacterial infection in HIV-infected persons, although any effect in preventing Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia or isosporiasis would be valuable.
Clinically, cyclosporiasis cannot be distinguished from cryptosporidiosis or isosporiasis. In otherwise healthy individuals, the infection is usually self-limiting.
The median TCD4+ cell count is usually above or close to 200 cells/[mm.sup.3] for tuberculosis and isosporiasis infections and less than 100 cells/[mm.sup.3] for candidiasis, PCP, CMV infection, and MAC infection [5].
The commonest extra-intestinal manifestation of cryptosporidiosis, microsporidiosis and isosporiasis is acalculous cholecystitis.
Includes only: candidiasis of lung (112.4) coccidiosis (007.2) cryptosporidiosis (007.2) isosporiasis (007.2 cryptococcosis (117.5) With HIV infection pneumocystosis (136.3) progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (046.3) toxoplasmosis (130)
Protozoal pathogens include Cryptosporidiosis, Isosporiasis, Microsporidiosis, Pnemo-cystis Carinii Pneumonia (PCP) and Toxoplasmosis.