isosporiasis


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i·sos·po·ri·a·sis

(ī-sos'pō-rī'ă-sis),
Disease caused by infection with a species of Isospora, such as I. belli of humans; human disease usually is mild except in cases of immunodeficiency, as in AIDS, where it may cause an intractable diarrhea.

isosporiasis

[ī·sos′pə·rī′ə·sis]
infection with Isospora. Two species, I. hominis and I. belli, affect humans, causing diarrhea with abdominal pain and cramping. See also coccidiosis.

i·sos·po·ri·a·sis

(ī-sos'pŏ-rī'ă-sis)
Disease caused by infection with a species of Isospora, such as I. belli in humans; such disease usually is mild except in cases of immunosuppression, as in AIDS, where it may cause an intractable diarrhea.

isosporiasis

An infection with the protozoal parasite Isospora belli usually acquired by ingestion of egg cysts in water or food contaminated with human faeces. The condition most commonly affects people with AIDS, and 15 per cent of AIDS sufferers in Haiti are said to be affected. Isosporiasis causes abdominal colic, watery diarrhoea, fatty stools from malabsorption and dehydration, and is effectively treated with a combination of trimethoprim and sulphamethoxazole.
References in periodicals archive ?
Isosporiasis responds well to co-trimoxazole treatment--the usual dose is 2 single-strength tablets 6 hourly for 10 days, but intravenous therapy is recommended for severe cases, who often have malabsorption.
Cryptosporidiosis, isosporiasis and microsporidiosis collectively cause a considerable amount of chronic diarrhoea in HIV infection.
High proportion of isosporiasis among HIV infected patients with diarrhoea in southern India.
Isosporiasis in venezuelan adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus: clinical characterization.
The commonest extra-intestinal manifestation of cryptosporidiosis, microsporidiosis and isosporiasis is acalculous cholecystitis.
Isosporiasis responds well to cotrimoxazole treatment--the usual dose is 2 single-strength tablets 6 hourly for 10 days, but intravenous therapy is recommended for severe cases, who often have malabsorption.
Pulmonary and extra-pulmonary TB, salmonella, Escherichia coli, cryptosporidia and isosporiasis may present with fever, anorexia, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.