isopropyl alcohol


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alcohol

 [al´kah-hol]
1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (-OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two, or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric, or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two, or three OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. an official preparation of ethanol, used as a disinfectant, solvent, and preservative, and applied topically as a rubbing compound, disinfectant, astringent, hemostatic, and coolant.
absolute alcohol dehydrated a.
benzyl alcohol a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection and as a topical local anesthetic.
dehydrated alcohol an extremely hygroscopic, transparent, colorless, volatile liquid used as a solvent and injected into nerves and ganglia for relief of pain. Called also absolute a.
denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a disinfectant.
ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) ethanol.
isopropyl alcohol a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic; called also isopropanol. Diluted with water to approximately 70 per cent strength, it is called isopropyl rubbing alcohol and is used as a rubbing compound.
methyl alcohol methanol.
pantothenyl alcohol dexpanthenol.
phenethyl alcohol (phenylethyl alcohol) a colorless liquid used as an antimicrobial agent in pharmaceuticals.
rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol, used as a rubefacient.
wood alcohol methanol.

i·so·pro·pyl al·co·hol

(ī'sō-prō'pil al'kō-hōl),
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as an ingredient of various cosmetics and of medicinal preparations for external use; also available as isopropyl rubbing alcohol, which contains 68 to 72% of isopropyl alcohol (by volume) in water; used as a rubefacient.

i·so·pro·pyl al·co·hol

(IPA, IA) (īsō-prōpil alkŏ-hol)
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as a rubefacient.

i·so·pro·pyl al·co·hol

(īsō-prōpil alkŏ-hol)
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as an ingredient in medicinal preparations for external use.
References in periodicals archive ?
*Region-wise, Asia represents the largest market for isopropyl alcohol around the world.
The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were established by the signal-to-noise ratio method by preparing the known concentrations of acetone and isopropyl alcohol and injected into gas chromatography headspace instrument as per the test method.
In addition, acidity is determined in each solvent and is observed in the following order; 3i Greater than 3h Greater than 3g Greater than 3d Greater than 3a Greater than 3f Greater than 3b Greater than 3e Greater than 3c in isopropyl alcohol, 3i Greater than 3h Greater than 3g Greater than 3f Greater than 3d=3a Greater than 3e Greater than 3b Greater than 3c in t-butyl alcohol, 3i Greater than 3g Greater than 3d Greater than 3b Greater than 3a Greater than 3h Greater than 3e Greater than 3c Greater than 3f in N,N- dimethyl formamide and 3i Greater than 3h Greater than 3d Greater than 3g Greater than 3e Greater than 3f Greater than 3a Greater than 3c Greater than 3b in acetonitrile.
Detection of isopropyl alcohol in a patient with diabetic ketoacidosis.
Forrest, a chemical engineer by training, said he contacted Hynix asking to buy its used isopropyl alcohol after he read the company's Toxic Right to Know filing, required by the city of Eugene, and learned Hynix paid to dispose of the material.
NOTE TO TEACHERS: Isopropyl alcohol is a chemical and should be handled carefully.
1 Dampen a white rag with isopropyl alcohol and rub away heel marks.
Solvent Boiling Freezing Point ([degrees]C) Point ([degrees]C) Water 100 0 Isopropyl alcohol 82.3 -87.8 Solvent Surface Tension Specific Heat at 25[degrees]C (dynes/cm) (cal/gram[degrees]C) Water 73 1 Isopropyl alcohol 20.8 0.65 TABLE 2: Physical Properties of Water and IPA Used in Wave-Solder Fluxes.
The black anti-static tips are manufactured from 100 PPI polyurethane foam that can withstand exposure to isopropyl alcohol. The stick and foam tip are joined with a chemically resistant adhesive.
(Beyond 1 minute, Carter notes, heat buildup could have skewed test results.) Experimentation eventually determined that a 68% solution of isopropyl alcohol was most effective.
If you're worried about hygiene on the road, SurgAcare[TM] Antiseptic Hand Gel for personal use is a nontoxic, biodegradable gel that uses isopropyl alcohol to fend off bacterial and viral infection.
In the Georgia team's experiments, the researchers tested the impact of the disinfectant isopropyl alcohol on bacteria and bacterial spores when combined with ultrasound.