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1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (-OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two, or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric, or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two, or three OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. an official preparation of ethanol, used as a disinfectant, solvent, and preservative, and applied topically as a rubbing compound, disinfectant, astringent, hemostatic, and coolant.
absolute alcohol dehydrated a.
benzyl alcohol a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection and as a topical local anesthetic.
dehydrated alcohol an extremely hygroscopic, transparent, colorless, volatile liquid used as a solvent and injected into nerves and ganglia for relief of pain. Called also absolute a.
denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a disinfectant.
ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) ethanol.
isopropyl alcohol a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic; called also isopropanol. Diluted with water to approximately 70 per cent strength, it is called isopropyl rubbing alcohol and is used as a rubbing compound.
methyl alcohol methanol.
pantothenyl alcohol dexpanthenol.
phenethyl alcohol (phenylethyl alcohol) a colorless liquid used as an antimicrobial agent in pharmaceuticals.
rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol, used as a rubefacient.
wood alcohol methanol.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

i·so·pro·pyl al·co·hol

(ī'sō-prō'pil al'kō-hōl),
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as an ingredient of various cosmetics and of medicinal preparations for external use; also available as isopropyl rubbing alcohol, which contains 68 to 72% of isopropyl alcohol (by volume) in water; used as a rubefacient.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The effect of solvents regarding the polarity of medium on the quantum yield of reaction in aqueous and aqueous methanol, aqueous ethanol and aqueous isopropanol mixtures were studied using fixed concentration of ascorbic acid and methylene green.
But authorities of Switzerland, a non-EU member, did not add Isopropanol to its list of banned products for Syria.
The blank titration allows us detect problems about quality of isopropanol solvent like high acidity which for cheaper brands generally lead to greater values of volume of titrant solution in blank titration and to no realistic values of acid number.
Caption: FIGURE 7: Effect of isopropanol (ISP) on the degradation of TC (conditions: catalyst dosage of 60 mg in 200 mL TC solution and TC concentration 15 mg/L at neutral pH and ISP dosages of 0.01, 0.05, and 0.1 mol/L).
Ethanol, n-propanol, and isopropanol keep the latex steady, for pH values were higher than 3.00, 6.00, and 3.00, respectively.
The MTT-formazan crystals are soluble in a variety of common organic solvents like isopropanol, DMSO or even mineral oil (5-8).
Next, based on discoveries made earlier by Anthony Sinskey, professor of microbiology and of health sciences and technology at MIT, new pathways in the bacterium are metabolically engineered to make isopropanol.
The following solvent types have been analyzed separately: ethanol, n-butanol, isopropanol and methanol, acetone and methyl ethyl ketone as well as toluene.
where [x.sub.i], and [[chi].sub.i], and [[phi].sub.i] are degree of polymerization, binary interaction parameter, and volume fraction of component i (i = 1: chloroform; i = 2: isopropanol; and i = 3: PC).
NEW YORK (CyHAN)- A joint mission overseeing the elimination of chemical weapons program in Syria confirmed on Tuesday that the country has destroyed all its declared arsenal of a chemical called Isopropanol, a UN spokesman told reporter here, Xinhua reported.
Due to the fact that many solvents may exert different effects on each type of tissue, this study aims to screen for the best acidified solvent using four alcohols with decreasing polarity including methanol, ethanol, isopropanol and butanol in order to select novel solvents capable of extracting maximum AMP amount from the whole body extracts of unchallenged supermealworm Zophobas morio larvae.