isopropanol


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alcohol

 [al´kah-hol]
1. any organic compound containing the hydroxy (-OH) functional group except those in which the OH group is attached to an aromatic ring, which are called phenols. Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to whether the carbon atom to which the OH group is attached is bonded to one, two, or three other carbon atoms and as monohydric, dihydric, or trihydric according to whether they contain one, two, or three OH groups; the latter two are called diols and triols, respectively.
2. an official preparation of ethanol, used as a disinfectant, solvent, and preservative, and applied topically as a rubbing compound, disinfectant, astringent, hemostatic, and coolant.
absolute alcohol dehydrated a.
benzyl alcohol a colorless liquid used as a bacteriostatic in solutions for injection and as a topical local anesthetic.
dehydrated alcohol an extremely hygroscopic, transparent, colorless, volatile liquid used as a solvent and injected into nerves and ganglia for relief of pain. Called also absolute a.
denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. Although it should never be taken internally, denatured alcohol is widely used on the skin as a disinfectant.
ethyl alcohol (grain alcohol) ethanol.
isopropyl alcohol a transparent, volatile colorless liquid used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic; called also isopropanol. Diluted with water to approximately 70 per cent strength, it is called isopropyl rubbing alcohol and is used as a rubbing compound.
methyl alcohol methanol.
pantothenyl alcohol dexpanthenol.
phenethyl alcohol (phenylethyl alcohol) a colorless liquid used as an antimicrobial agent in pharmaceuticals.
rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone, methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol, used as a rubefacient.
wood alcohol methanol.

i·so·pro·pyl al·co·hol

(ī'sō-prō'pil al'kō-hōl),
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as an ingredient of various cosmetics and of medicinal preparations for external use; also available as isopropyl rubbing alcohol, which contains 68 to 72% of isopropyl alcohol (by volume) in water; used as a rubefacient.

isopropanol

/iso·pro·pa·nol/ (-pro´pah-nol) isopropyl alcohol.

isopropanol

isopropanol

isopropyl alcohol.
References in periodicals archive ?
Isopropanol and n-propanol seem to improve both the break strength and elongation at break.
100[micro]l of acidic isopropanol was then added directly into the reaction mixture (without aspiration of wells) and plates were further incubated for an hour to allow solubilization of crystallized formazan.
This study was the first to elucidate that isopropanol could extract a maximum amount of AMPs compared to methanol as based on the diameter of the inhibition zone.
Isopropanol market has grown considerably during the past few years and is expected to grow at a more rapid pace in the next five years, mainly driven by growing demand in ROW & Asia-Pacific region.
The effects of isopropanol, ethanol, column temperature and flow rate of the mobile phase on enantioselectivity and resolution of enantiomers were evaluated.
408 mm de tamano de poro) fueron pesadas para agregarseles 15 ml de metanol o ciclohexano, 5ml de cloroformo o isopropanol y una solucion de cloruro de sodio NaCl (1% p/p).
Six tenders requesting offers from accredited companies and agents for the supply of (a) sheet feed ink, web heat set ink, also web cold set ink, (b) humidifying solutions for different machines, (c) silicon solution, solvent washing solution and drying powder, (d) isopropanol alcohol, (e) stitching wire & (f) blanket with bar for the different machines.
The specimens were divided into groups of 20 and cleaned using 10% hydrofluoric acid, 35% phosphoric acid, 50% hydrogen peroxide, acetone, dichloromethane, ethanol, isopropanol, or tetrahydrofuran.
Overall, aqueous isopropanol (80:20 isopropanol: water v/v) and aqueous methanol (80:20 methanol: water v/v) were noted to be the most effective solvent systems offering higher extraction yields, TP and antioxidant activity for the tested rice varieties.
On the other hand, isopropanol at 10% levels decomposed the photopolymeric membrane.
Restek's Rtx-BAC Plus 1 and Rtx-BAC Plus 2 columns for blood alcohol testing separate all critical compounds, including ethanol, methanol, acetone, tert-butanol (IS), acetaldehyde, isopropanol and 1-propanol (IS) in <2 min.