isolate

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isolate

 [i´so-lāt]
1. to separate from others, or set apart.
2. a group of individuals prevented by geographic, genetic, ecologic, or social barriers from interbreeding with others of their kind.
3. a pure microbial strain that has been separated from a mixed laboratory culture.

i·so·late

(ī'sō-lāt),
1. To separate, to set apart from others; that which is so treated.
2. To free of chemical contaminants.
3. In psychoanalysis, to separate ideas, experiences, or memories from the affects pertaining to them.
4. In group psychotherapy, a patient to whom others in the group do not respond.
5. Viable organisms separated on a single occasion from a sample taken from a host or culture system.
6. A population that for geographic, linguistic, cultural, social, religious, or other reasons is subject to little or no gene flow. Synonym(s): genetic isolate
[It. isolare; Mediev. L. insulo, pp. -atus, to insulate, fr. L. insula, island]

isolate

(ī′sə-lāt′)
v.
1. To set apart or cut off from others.
2. To place in quarantine.
3. To separate a pure strain from a mixed bacterial or fungal culture.
n. (-lĭt, -lāt′)
A bacterial or fungal strain that has been isolated.

i′so·la′tion (-lā′shən) n.
i′so·la′tor n.

i·so·late

(ī'sŏ-lāt, ī'sŏ-lăt)
1. To separate, to set apart from others; that which is so treated.
2. To free of chemical contaminants.
3. psychoanalysis To separate experiences or memories from the affects pertaining to them.
4. group psychotherapy A person to whom others in the group do not respond.
5. Viable organisms separated on a single occasion from a field sample in experimental hosts, culture systems, or stabilates.
6. A population that for geographic, linguistic, cultural, social, religious, or other reasons is subject to little or no genetic flow.
[It. isolare; Mediev. L. insulo, pp. -atus, to insulate, fr. L. insula, island]

isolate

  1. to separate a microorganism from fresh material and to establish it in pure culture.
  2. a single pure culture of a microorganism.
References in periodicals archive ?
All 51 isolates were positive for catalase, oxidase, citrate utilization and gelatin liquefaction tests.
aureus isolates tested was determined using PCR amplification of internal fragments of the seven housekeeping genes of S.
SNP typing for 20 of 24 isolates from the eastern coastal area and eight samples of 12 samples from the Yucatan area were determined.
Under the former breakpoints, the percentage of isolates causing nonmeningeal syndromes that were nonsusceptible to cefotaxime ranged from 13.8% in 1998 to 16.7% in 2000 (Table).
The results (Table 1) indicated that among the test isolates, mycelial growth was varied from 65.17 mm (AcDl) to 90.00 mm (AcHl).
The in vitro susceptibility of the isolates to the following drugs was tested: oxacillin, netilmicin, erythromycin, sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, and vancomycin.
Our isolate 05/02 is a new ompA gene sequence variant within this probably heterogeneous group.
isolates, compared with 16.7% among the Canadian isolates, according to Dr.
These five serotypes and five of the six most frequently reported isolates in 1989 are among the 15 most frequently reported isolates during 1970-1983 [1].
The similarity between pet and human isolates has led to speculation that pet MRSA is closely linked to human MRSA and that the source of MRSA in pets may often be colonized humans.
Of the 946 NPEV isolates reported in 1988, the six most common were echovirus 11 (18.6%), echovirus 9 (14.1%), coxsackievirus B4 (10.6%), coxsackievirus B2 (9.2%), echovirus 6 (6.2%), and coxsackievirus B5 (5.1%).
They say, however, that -- because SIV and HIV-2 can be used "interchangeably" in screening tests -- results from epidemiology studies based on what have proved to be lab contaminants "remain as originally stated." Commenting in the same issue of NATURE, Carel Mulder of the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester says that "this episode should serve as a strong warning for all virologists working with multiple isolates."