isolated systolic hypertension


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isolated systolic hypertension (ISH)

a type of hypertension in which only the systolic blood pressure is elevated. The condition, which usually affects the elderly, increases the risk of stroke or heart attack.
References in periodicals archive ?
Prevention of stroke by antihypertensive drug treatment in older persons with isolated systolic hypertension.
When 675 subjects treated for high blood pressure were excluded, the prevalence of isolated systolic hypertension in nontreated subjects was 9.
Isolated systolic hypertension is usually treated with a diuretic (water pill), possibly in combination with a calcium channel blocker, beta-blocker, and/or angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor.
Liu L, Wang JG, Gong L, Liu G, Staessen JA, for the Systolic Hypertension in China (Syst-China) Collaborative Group: comparison of active treatment and placebo for older patients with isolated systolic hypertension.
Also new is a review of eight trials involving pharmacologic treatment of isolated systolic hypertension (SBP greater than 160 mm Hg with DBP below 95 mm Hg) in adults older than 60 years, in which active treatment reduced the risk of stroke by 30%, coronary heart disease events by 30%, cardiovascular mortality by 18%, and total mortality by 13%.
Q: How does isolated systolic hypertension (ISH) affect the heart?
For many older Americans, only the systolic blood pressure is high, a condition known as isolated systolic hypertension, or ISH (systolic at or above 140 and diastolic under 90).
Called OPERA (Omapatrilat in Persons with Enhanced Risk of Atherosclerotic Events), it is the first clinical trial to evaluate the mortality and morbidity benefits of treating patients in borderline or Stage I Isolated Systolic Hypertension (ISH).
Randomised double blind comparison of placebo and active treatment for older patients with isolated systolic hypertension.
Meanwhile, however, studies in persons with isolated systolic hypertension (an increase in the upper of the two measurements used to define blood pressure) showed diuretics to be particularly effective in this condition seen more often in the elderly.
Our study would be expected to include subjects with isolated systolic hypertension (ISH).