isolate


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isolate

 [i´so-lāt]
1. to separate from others, or set apart.
2. a group of individuals prevented by geographic, genetic, ecologic, or social barriers from interbreeding with others of their kind.
3. a pure microbial strain that has been separated from a mixed laboratory culture.

i·so·late

(ī'sō-lāt),
1. To separate, to set apart from others; that which is so treated.
2. To free of chemical contaminants.
3. In psychoanalysis, to separate ideas, experiences, or memories from the affects pertaining to them.
4. In group psychotherapy, a patient to whom others in the group do not respond.
5. Viable organisms separated on a single occasion from a sample taken from a host or culture system.
6. A population that for geographic, linguistic, cultural, social, religious, or other reasons is subject to little or no gene flow. Synonym(s): genetic isolate
[It. isolare; Mediev. L. insulo, pp. -atus, to insulate, fr. L. insula, island]

isolate

(ī′sə-lāt′)
v.
1. To set apart or cut off from others.
2. To place in quarantine.
3. To separate a pure strain from a mixed bacterial or fungal culture.
n. (-lĭt, -lāt′)
A bacterial or fungal strain that has been isolated.

i′so·la′tion (-lā′shən) n.
i′so·la′tor n.

i·so·late

(ī'sŏ-lāt, ī'sŏ-lăt)
1. To separate, to set apart from others; that which is so treated.
2. To free of chemical contaminants.
3. psychoanalysis To separate experiences or memories from the affects pertaining to them.
4. group psychotherapy A person to whom others in the group do not respond.
5. Viable organisms separated on a single occasion from a field sample in experimental hosts, culture systems, or stabilates.
6. A population that for geographic, linguistic, cultural, social, religious, or other reasons is subject to little or no genetic flow.
[It. isolare; Mediev. L. insulo, pp. -atus, to insulate, fr. L. insula, island]

isolate

  1. to separate a microorganism from fresh material and to establish it in pure culture.
  2. a single pure culture of a microorganism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the former breakpoints, the percentage of isolates causing nonmeningeal syndromes that were nonsusceptible to cefotaxime ranged from 13.8% in 1998 to 16.7% in 2000 (Table).
To assess these possibilities, scientists will need to isolate and compare viruses from different parts of the country.
The results obtained on cultural characteristics viz., colony/mycelial growth, growth rate, colony appearance, margin, sporulation and concentric zonation etc in respect of 20 test isolates of A.
The in vitro susceptibility of the isolates to the following drugs was tested: oxacillin, netilmicin, erythromycin, sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, and vancomycin.
These five serotypes and five of the six most frequently reported isolates in 1989 are among the 15 most frequently reported isolates during 1970-1983 [1].
The similarity between pet and human isolates has led to speculation that pet MRSA is closely linked to human MRSA and that the source of MRSA in pets may often be colonized humans.
In the second study, it apparently was a problem of too many virus isolates rather than too few.
Characterization of Heterorhabditis isolates by PCR amplification of segment of the mtDNA and rDNA genes.
The analysis of the 3' terminus of VP1 gene of the remaining 5 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and 3 nasopharyngeal isolates showed that they were similar to the recently proposed EV75 serotype (5).
We report the emergence of ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates of S.
DQ381540, isolate IMTSSA/5163) and used in a BLAST search that identified O'nyong-nyong virus (ONNV, E value [6e.sup.-130]).