isolate


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isolate

 [i´so-lāt]
1. to separate from others, or set apart.
2. a group of individuals prevented by geographic, genetic, ecologic, or social barriers from interbreeding with others of their kind.
3. a pure microbial strain that has been separated from a mixed laboratory culture.

i·so·late

(ī'sō-lāt),
1. To separate, to set apart from others; that which is so treated.
2. To free of chemical contaminants.
3. In psychoanalysis, to separate ideas, experiences, or memories from the affects pertaining to them.
4. In group psychotherapy, a patient to whom others in the group do not respond.
5. Viable organisms separated on a single occasion from a sample taken from a host or culture system.
6. A population that for geographic, linguistic, cultural, social, religious, or other reasons is subject to little or no gene flow. Synonym(s): genetic isolate
[It. isolare; Mediev. L. insulo, pp. -atus, to insulate, fr. L. insula, island]

isolate

/iso·late/ (i´sah-lāt)
1. to separate from others.
2. a group of individuals prevented by geographic, genetic, ecologic, social, or artificial barriers from interbreeding with others of their kind.

isolate

(ī′sə-lāt′)
v.
1. To set apart or cut off from others.
2. To place in quarantine.
3. To separate a pure strain from a mixed bacterial or fungal culture.
n. (-lĭt, -lāt′)
A bacterial or fungal strain that has been isolated.

i′so·la′tion (-lā′shən) n.
i′so·la′tor n.

isolate

[ī′səlāt]
Etymology: It, isolare, to detach
1 to separate a pure chemical substance from a mixture.
2 to derive from any source a pure culture of a microorganism.
3 to prevent an individual from having contact with the rest of a population.

i·so·late

(ī'sŏ-lāt, ī'sŏ-lăt)
1. To separate, to set apart from others; that which is so treated.
2. To free of chemical contaminants.
3. psychoanalysis To separate experiences or memories from the affects pertaining to them.
4. group psychotherapy A person to whom others in the group do not respond.
5. Viable organisms separated on a single occasion from a field sample in experimental hosts, culture systems, or stabilates.
6. A population that for geographic, linguistic, cultural, social, religious, or other reasons is subject to little or no genetic flow.
[It. isolare; Mediev. L. insulo, pp. -atus, to insulate, fr. L. insula, island]

isolate

  1. to separate a microorganism from fresh material and to establish it in pure culture.
  2. a single pure culture of a microorganism.

isolate (īˑ·s·lt),

n the term for a single component, which has been separated from a volatile mixture.

isolate

1. to separate from others, or set apart.
2. a group of individuals prevented by geographic, genetic, ecological or social barriers from interbreeding with others of their kind.
3. a population of microorganisms that has been obtained in pure culture from a field case or location.
References in periodicals archive ?
Avellon A, Casas I, Trallero G; Perez C, Tenorio A, Palacios G Molecular analysis of echovirus 13 isolates and aseptic meningitis, Spain.
Kentucky is infrequently isolated from human, animal, or environmental sources in France, these isolates must have been acquired abroad.
Because Mazu's technology isolates "bad traffic" while letting "good traffic" through, it provides the only way for data centers to combat DDoS attacks or other disruptive problems while expediting valid traffic requests.
Gene sequence-based criteria for identification of new rickettsia isolates and description of Rickettsia heilongjiangensis sp.
The 4 swine isolates chosen for our analyses provide a sampling of viruses from British Columbia to Ontario, but clinical reports indicate that the outbreak of ILI in pigs was much more extensive than this limited number of isolates might suggest.
DQ231242, DQ231241, and DQ231240) indicated that western Siberian 2005 isolates belong to the Gs/Gd/1/96-1ike lineage and form a cluster with H5N1 viruses isolated from migratory birds in the People's Republic of China in 2005 (5), from poultry in Japan in 2004 (4), and from poultry and humans in Asian countries in 2003 and 2004 (1) (Figure).
Recently, circulating isolates were found to differ from the strains used for the wP vaccines in the world (5-13).
A novel toxinotyping scheme and correlation of toxinotypes with serogroups of Clostridium difficile isolates.
Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analyses of 4 of the 5 isolates (1 isolate lost viability before analysis) showed that they were distinctly different from the B.
In each pair, the index case was due to a rifampin-susceptible isolate and was followed by the secondary case due to a resistant isolate in a contact person.
hyphal width, size of conidia, length of beak of each test isolate (10 days old pure culture growth on PDA) were recorded by measuring with ocular micrometer, which was calibrated using stage micrometer, by applying standard procedure given by Aneja (2001) under the compound microscope (make: Labomed Vision 2000) at 400x magnification and under 10 random microscopic fields.
aureus clinical isolates (single isolate per patient), including 158 associated with SSTIs and 130 associated with bloodstream infection (BSI), were collected for this investigation.