The infusion rate of an inhalation agent is started at 5-10 mL [h.sup.-1], and acceptable sedation is provided with 2-5 mL [h.sup.-1] for sevoflurane and 2-6 mL [h.sup.-1] for isoflurane
Maintenance of anaesthesia was with Isoflurane
1% Fentanyl + [O.sub.2] + Air.
Its use is pretty much ubiquitous around the world when anaesthetising veterinary patients which is causing huge problems as there is a world-wide supply problem with the likelihood that no Isoflurane
will be available through the conventional channels until February or March next year.
Mean anesthesia [T.sub.Rec] (93,2 [+ or -] 54min) observed in the present study was similar to the one report using other standard recovery techniques, like the Anderson Sling method (82min) on high risk orthopedic surgeries anesthetized with isoflurane
or desflurane (TAYLOR et al., 2005) and lower than the one observed with the hydromassage pool recovery system (108min) after anesthesia with isoflurane
, halothane and sevofluorane (TIDWELL et al., 2002).
All patients, aged 35-75 years, with a body mass index (BMI) between 30-50 and an American Society of Anesthesiology classification of I-III, were randomly divided into propofol group (group Pro), propofol combined with epidural anesthesia (group Pro+Epi), isoflurane
group (group Iso) and isoflurane
combined with epidural anesthesia group (group Iso+ Epi), 20 patients in each group.
Maintenance of anaesthesia was carried out with 100% oxygen in isoflurane
vapors, titrated to clinical effects with conventional paediatric circuits of ventilation.
Many anesthetic drugs are used alone or in cocktail form (e.g., xylazine, ketamine), propofol, isoflurane
, ketamine and diazepam (Durrani et al., 2008).
, and sevoflurane were tested for potential neurotoxicity, and the animals were exposed to these agents at drug concentrations and doses approximated to the clinical setting.
Oxygen and isoflurane
(Lunan Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Shandong, China) were delivered to the chamber through a tube, and carbon dioxide was removed from the chamber gases with Baralyme.
Table 3 shows the use of agents other than isoflurane
to maintain hemodynamic stability intraoperatively in both groups.
Induction of anesthesia with Xylazine and Ketamine and maintenance with Isoflurane
has been reported to be safe anesthetic combination in birds (Hall et al., 2001).
The participants included in this meta-analysis were adult patients (age > 18 years) who underwent cardiac surgery with either isoflurane
or sevoflurane anesthesia.