isocaloric


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Adiabatic

Referring to a thermodynamic process in which the net transfer of heat is zero.

isocaloric

(ī″sō-kă-lō′rĭk) [″ + L. calor, heat]
Containing the same number of calories as the food or diet with which it is being compared.
References in periodicals archive ?
When protein is provided as a 50-g dose in the form of a beverage and compared with an isocaloric, isovolumetric and palatability-matched carbohydrate beverage, protein has also been shown to be more satiating than glucose.
Twelve primary schools were randomly assigned to provide children with a daily isocaloric meal containing meat, milk or only vegetables.
The two diets were isocaloric and had similar fat and carbohydrate content.
2008) Diet-induced thermogenesis and substrate oxidation are not different between lean and obese women after two different isocaloric meals, one rich in protein and one rich in fat.
The isocaloric and isonitrogenous experimental diets were as follows: 1) control or basal diet, 2) basal diet included 300 mg essential oil of ginger/kg of diet and 3) basal diet included 300 mg essential oil of fennel/kg of diet.
In the study, 89 patients with grade 1 or 2 hypertension who were not on medication were randomized to one of three exercise training regimens carried out three times per week for 12 weeks: supervised aerobic interval exercise with a target intensity of 90%-95% of maximum heart rate, supervised isocaloric continuous exercise at 70% of maximum, or, as a control, standard medical advice about the importance of physical activity but no supervised training.
Several studies investigating the effect of the GI of pre-exercise meals have reported a higher rate of fat oxidation and consequently a lower CHO oxidation rate during exercise following a low GI meal in comparison to an isocaloric, nutrient-matched high GI meal (6,22,27).
20) Indeed, a recent study with obese males revealed isocaloric substitution of a diet high in MUFA resulted in weight loss compared with a diet rich in saturated fatty acids.
This experimental study of 15 healthy men in a single-blind crossover meal test compared a high-protein versus a high-carbohydrate isocaloric breakfast with subjective satiety and blood sample measurements taken for the next three hours.
During the study, all patients were on an isocaloric diet and did not receive any lipid-lowering treatment.
Three groups were fed a normal protein diet (18% casein), and the other three groups were fed a protein-restricted isocaloric diet (5% casein; Table 1).