ischemic necrosis


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is·che·mic ne·cro·sis

necrosis caused by hypoxia resulting from local deprivation of blood supply, as by infarction.

is·che·mic ne·cro·sis

(is-kē'mik nĕ-krō'sis)
Cell death caused by hypoxia resulting from local deprivation of blood supply, as by infarction.
Synonym(s): ischaemic necrosis.

necrosis

(ne-kro'sis) ('sez?) plural.necroses [Gr. nekrosis, (state of) death]
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NECROSIS: Necrotic wound of the foot
The death of cells, tissues, or organs. Necrosis may be caused by insufficient blood supply, pathogenic microorganisms, physical agents such as trauma or radiant energy (electricity, infrared, ultraviolet, roentgen, and radium rays), and chemical agents acting locally, acting internally after absorption, or placed into the wrong tissue. Some medicines cause necrosis if injected into the tissues rather than the vein, and some, such as iron dextran, cause necrosis if injected into areas other than deep muscle or vein. See: illustration; gangrene; mortificationnecrotizing (nek'ro-tiz?ing), adjective

acute esophageal necrosis

Necrotizing esophagitis.

acute tubular necrosis

Abbreviation: ATN
Acute damage to the renal tubules; usually due to ischemia associated with shock.
See: acute renal failure

anemic necrosis

Necrosis due to inadequate blood flow to a body part.

aseptic necrosis

Necrosis without infection, e.g., as a result of trauma or drug use.

avascular necrosis

Osteonecrosis.

Balser fatty necrosis

See: Balser fatty necrosis

caseous necrosis

Necrosis with soft, dry, cheeselike formation, seen in diseases such as tuberculosis or syphilis. Synonym: cheesy necrosis

central necrosis

Necrosis that affects only the center of a body part.

cheesy necrosis

Caseous necrosis.

coagulation necrosis

Necrosis occurring esp. in infarcts. Coagulation occurs in the necrotic area, converting it into a homogeneous mass and depriving the organ or tissue of blood.
Synonym: fibrinous necrosis; ischemic necrosis

colliquative necrosis

Necrosis caused by liquefaction of tissue due to autolysis or bacterial putrefaction. Synonym: liquefactive necrosis

dry necrosis

Dry gangrene.

embolic necrosis

Necrosis due to an embolic occlusion of an artery.

fat necrosis

Necrosis of fatty tissues, seen, for example, in patients with severe cases of pancreatitis.

fibrinous necrosis

Coagulation necrosis.

focal necrosis

Necrosis in small scattered areas, often seen in infection.

gummatous necrosis

Necrosis forming a dry rubbery mass resulting from syphilis.

ischemic necrosis

Coagulation necrosis.

liquefactive necrosis

Colliquative necrosis.

medial necrosis

Necrosis of cells in the tunica media of an artery.

moist necrosis

Necrosis with softening and wetness of the dead tissue.

postpartum pituitary necrosis

Sheehan syndrome.

putrefactive necrosis

Necrosis due to bacterial decomposition.

radiation necrosis

Necrosis caused by radiation exposure.

subcutaneous fat necrosis of newborn

An inflammatory disorder of unknown cause affecting fat tissue that may occur in the newborn at the site of application of forceps during delivery and occasionally in premature infants.

superficial necrosis

Necrosis affecting only the outer layers of bone or any tissue.

thrombotic necrosis

Necrosis due to thrombus formation.

total necrosis

Necrosis affecting an entire organ or body part.

Zenker necrosis

See: Zenker, Friedrich Albert von

is·che·mic ne·cro·sis

(is-kē'mik nĕ-krō'sis)
Cell death caused by hypoxia resulting from local deprivation of blood supply.
Synonym(s): ischaemic necrosis, ischaemic necrosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jia, "Clinical study of the joint capsule injection combined with oral medication in early ischemic necrosis of femoral head in adults," Chinese Journal of Traditional Medical Traumatology & Orthopedics, vol.
In summation, risk of ischemic necrosis to the ulnar nerve is inherent to the technique of anterior transposition, should a segment of the nerve be completely separated from its nourishing blood supply.
The direct association between the contour of the flattened area and the ulceration reinforces the interpretation of ischemic necrosis caused by compression.
It is characterized by diffuse ischemic necrosis. Treatment of this disease is always difficult, as described in the case study.
With the differential diagnosis of ischemic necrosis versus tumor necrosis, ancillary immunohistochemical testing was performed.
Aksoy, "Ischemic necrosis of the cecum: a single center experience," The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, vol.
It involves ischemia that leads to wall infarction and subsequent ischemic necrosis, which then becomes a good feeding ground for varieties of bacteria such as Clostridia, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella and Streptococci(9).
Rarely, JINETs come to clinical attention because of tumor-induced intestinal ischemia, and the resected surgical specimen shows intestinal ischemic necrosis (IIN) in the nonneoplastic small intestine.
Ischemic necrosis of the sigmoid colon after antegrade sclerotherapy of idiopathic varicocele: a case report.
After the operation the bleeding stopped and there were no postoperative complications such as radiographic contrast nephropathy or mesenteric ischemic necrosis and the patient's symptom relived.