1. capable of reacting to a stimulus.
2. abnormally sensitive to stimuli.
irritable bowel syndrome
the most common disorder presented by patients with gastrointestinal complaints, consisting of (1) altered bowel habits with diarrhea, constipation, or alternating diarrhea and constipation; (2) abdominal pain and intolerance to flatus; and (3) absence of detectable organic disease. Many inappropriate terms have been used to describe this disorder, including mucous colitis, nervous colon, spastic colon, and irritable colon. This syndrome should not be confused with colitis
or other inflammatory diseases of the intestinal tract; in irritable bowel syndrome there is no inflammation, and it is not necessarily limited to the colon.
. Because of psychological factors that usually contribute to the disorder and its tendency to be chronic in nature, treatment should be holistic and individualized to meet the needs of each patient. In most cases, treatment is needed for an extended period of time. Patients should be assured that there is no relationship between their disorder and malignancy of the bowel. Modes of therapy include psychotherapy, biofeedback training, medications such as antidepressants, antispasmodics, and analgesics, and a diet that is high in bran and fiber.
Nursing care for the patient with irritable bowel syndrome is essentially the same as that for someone with diarrhea
. Patient teaching should include information about gas-forming foods such as legumes and those in the cabbage family. Milk and milk products are restricted in those patients who have shown an intolerance to milk.
Anxiety can often be mitigated by teaching the patient about the nature of the illness and reassurance that it is not related to malignancy of the bowel and can be managed by relatively simple, noninvasive measures. Ineffective coping patterns are not uncommon in these patients. When there is evidence that the patient is either unable to cope or is using harmful coping mechanisms such as smoking, drinking, or drug abuse, health teaching concerning relaxation techniques, wholesome diet, exercise, and recreation is appropriate.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. Easily irritated or annoyed.
2. Medicine Abnormally or excessively sensitive to a stimulus: irritable bladder.
3. Capable of responding to a stimulus. Used of an organism.
ir′ri·ta·bil′i·ty (-bĭl′ĭ-tē), ir′ri·ta·ble·ness n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Patient discussion about irritable
Q. I have stomach problem from many years.This irritates me a lot and I feel troubled by this weight on me. I have stomach problem from many years. I am in my middle age and have given room for all the methods to lose weight and even read books and all and all magazines but in vain. This irritates me a lot and I feel troubled by this weight on me. What could be the reason for this?
A. Its tedious for some people to lose weight, while majority can and do lose weight, why not. You must meet a dietician and attend for 2 or 3 quarters of a year on regular basis. Ask to work with you to find the weight loss plan that will ‘unlock’ your metabolism. Now patience is needed so, and do not be hopeless; it could be something straightforward that you are making a wrong move. Keep a record of what you eat and drink together with your exercise log and take it to your dietician on a very initial meeting, you will be well on your way to losing weight.
Q. It’s actually a real source of irritation to me. I can't stand. Any such experiences…. The cesarean incision done on my body is really sensitive. I avoid touching it. I try to wear clothes that come up over my scar line, and I hate it when my son steps on the area when we're playing. It’s actually a real source of irritation to me. I can't stand. Any such experiences….
A. I don't think I had sensitivity like you. As far as I can remember I was able to wear jeans once it healed. One thing that does set off the sensitivity for me is when my brother`s dog of the right height jumps on me and puts their claws over the area. I wish to know is that area sensitive or paining? Both make a lot of difference. Better consult with your physician.
Q. I was diagnosed with "Baker's cyst". The pain in very irritating. what can I do to ease the pain? I was diagnosed with "Baker's cyst". The pain in very irritating but I prefer not to undergo surgery or steroid injections. is there another more "holistic" way to take care of my situation?
A. Here are some more "holistic" options that helped me (though you should consult your doctor before doing anything...):More discussions about irritable
Knee bracing and quadriceps physiotherapy.
If you don't want surgery and don't want to be injected with steroids, but it is OK with you to suction the cyst - I heard it can help a lot, but I must say I didn't try it.
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