iritis


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iritis

 [i-ri´tis]
inflammation of the iris; it may be acute, occurring suddenly with pronounced symptoms, or chronic, with less severe but longer-lasting symptoms. adj., adj irit´ic.
Cause. The cause is often obscure; iritis is frequently associated with rheumatic diseases (particularly rheumatoid arthritis), diabetes mellitus, syphilis, diseased teeth, tonsillitis, and other infections. It may also be caused by trauma.
Symptoms. Iritis is characterized by severe pain, usually radiating to the forehead and becoming worse at night. The eye is usually red and the pupil contracts and may be irregular in shape; there is extreme sensitivity to light, together with blurring of vision and tenderness of the eyeball. The iris becomes swollen and discolored. If not treated promptly, iritis can be dangerous because of scarring and adhesions that may cause impaired vision and possibly blindness.
Treatment. Caring for iritis calls for treatment of the underlying cause and then dilation of the pupil with atropine drops to prevent scarring or adhesions. Certain steroid drugs may be used to reduce the inflammation quickly. Warm compresses may also help to lessen the inflammation and pain. A protective covering allows the eye to rest.

With proper treatment, acute iritis usually clears up fairly quickly, although it may recur. For permanent relief, elimination or control of the underlying cause is necessary.
serous iritis iritis with a serous exudate.

i·ri·tis

(ī-rī'tis),
Inflammation of the iris.
See also: iridocyclitis, uveitis.

iritis

(ī-rī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the iris of the eye.

i·rit′ic (ī-rĭt′ĭk) adj.

iri·tis

(ī-rī'tis)
Inflammation of the iris.
See also: iridocyclitis, uveitis

iritis

Inflammation of the IRIS. See also UVEITIS.

iritis

Inflammation of the iris. The acute form is usually characterized by pain, photophobia, ciliary injection, exudates in the anterior chamber (aqueous flare), keratic precipitates, oedema, constricted and sluggish pupil, discoloration of the iris, posterior synechia, lacrimation and loss of vision. In some cases there may be hypopyon and an increase in intraocular pressure due to blocking of the angle of the anterior chamber. Iritis is most often associated with cyclitis (anterior uveitis). The majority of cases are idiopathic or the result of trauma or medication. Treatment includes mydriatics (to prevent synechia) and topical corticosteroid drops. It is essential to differentiate acute iritis from angle-closure glaucoma because of the possible harm of using a mydriatic in the latter. See iridocyclitis; photophobia; Fuchs' syndrome; uveitis.

iri·tis

(ī-rī'tis)
Inflammation of the iris.
References in periodicals archive ?
In conclusion, this case presents a relatively uncommon combination of presenting findings: bilateral papilledema, nerve fiber layer hemorrhage and thickening, and iritis in a patient with HIV and syphilis.
Las indicaciones para el uso esteroides mas talidomida, son: compromiso de troncos nerviosos, edema inflamatorio en extremidades, lesiones oculares como iritis o iridociclitis, glomerulonefritis, orquiepididimitis, artritis y fenomeno de Lucio (21,24).
Just like in secondary syphilis, the patients with tertiary syphilis can get a systemic involvement with neurosyphilis (asymptomatic, meningeal and vascular, parenchymatous with general paralysis, tabes), cardiovascular syphilis (coronary disease, aortitis, aortic aneurism), ophthalmic involvement (iritis, chorioretinitis, optic atrophy).
her work was openly ridiculed." Little more than three weeks later, in a 19 June 2014 email to me, Birmingham wrote that Ferris "was brave to argue that Joyce had syphilis." Had he changed his mind about Ferris after the NYU teacher challenged him on June 17?) The 14 June 2014 Chronicle of Higher Education: Review unqualifiedly declared that "the agonies of syphilis-induced iritis ...
(9,10) However, the typical features of Behcet's disease such as orogential ulcers, skin lesions, iritis, or arthritis are missing in most HSS cases.
Increasing the duration and concentration of MMC may be associated with complications like scleromalacia corneal perforation glaucoma iritis punctuate keratopathy.6 However there is 6.7% to 22.5% recurrence reported with use of intraoperative MMC in national studies.
Coal-tar shampoo and ultraviolet therapy are helpful for the dermatitis but not arthritis, tendon inflammation, and iritis all brought on by psoriasis.
In 1818, Benjamin Brodie became the first to fully describe a patient who most probably had active ankylosing spondylitis who also had accompanying iritis [20].
The interrelationship between sex, susceptibility factors, and outcome in ankylosing spondylitis and its associated disorders including inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis, and iritis. J Rheumatol 2003;30:2054-8.
Slit lamp examination revealed nasal scleral inflammation, nasal iridolenticular touch, mild iritis, 360[degrees] unbreakable posterior synechiae preventing view of the fundus, and nasally drawn miotic pupil.
Doctors initially thought that it was conjunctivitis but eventually he was diagnosed with iritis, an inflammation of the front half of the eye.
The possible complications associated with this procedure are elevation of intraocular pressure, rupture of anterior vitreous face, damage to intra ocular lens, acute iritis and cystoid macular edema (CMO).1 These complications are less common if laser is performed six or more months after surgery.