Available data shows a response rate of 88.5% with the use of salbutamol alone,whereas response was found to be 100% when salbutamol was used in combination with ipratropium bromide
.14 Thus combination therapy may reduce the ASA burden and emergency room visits.
Lastly, the nebulized ipratropium bromide
was administered in the standard concentration of 0.5mg in 2.5mL and the spirometry was repeated every hour for 4 hours.
albuterol, ipratropium bromide
, levalbuterol and duoneb via small volume nebulizers (SVNs),
Inhaled ipratropium bromide
is the only anticholinergic agent for the treatment of acute asthma.
An inhalation spray containing ipratropium bromide
and albuterol sulfate has been approved for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to a statement issued by the Food and Drug Administration.
Clinical evidence has demonstrated that many chronic bronchitics respond more favorably to ipratropium bromide
(Atrovent), an anticholinergic bronchodilator, than they do to adrenergic bron-cholidators (sympathmimetics).
She was treated with nebulised salbutamol, nebulised ipratropium bromide
, hydrocortisone IV and an aminophylline intravenous infusion.
During follow-up from 6 weeks to 5 years, cardiovascular death, MI, or stroke occurred in 135 of 7,472 patients (1.8%) re ceiving either inhaled tiotropium bromide or ipratropium bromide
for more than 30 days, compared with 86 of 7,311 patients (1.2%) receiving control therapy (relative risk 1.58).
It is Ipratropium Bromide
0.06% NS, nasal spray generic for Atrovent Nasal Spr..06% 15ML, mfg.
HFA, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals)