A report stated: "You have failed to make a suitable and sufficient assessment of the risk to your employees for the purpose of identifying the measures that need to be taken to restrict exposure to ionising
radiation from the use of the Smiths 100 Detection X-Ray Scanner, Serial Number 111940, being used in your warehouse."
This action exposed the workers involved to elevated levels of ionising
radiation, and released contamination into an area of the facility not specifically designed, maintained or used to prevent the spread of contamination, thus presenting a serious health risk to the individuals concerned and to other people.
The directive updates and groups together five of the Council's existing directives in one single legislative act: Directives 96/29/Euratom laying down basic safety standards for the protection of the health of workers and the general public against the dangers arising from ionising
radiation; 97/43/Euratom on health protection of individuals against the dangers of ionising
radiation; 2003/122/Euratom on the control of high-activity sealed radioactive sources and orphan sources, 90/641/Euratomaon the operational protection of outside workers exposed to the risk of ionising
radiation; anda89/618/Euratomaon informing the general public about health protection measures to be applied.
No data suggest a threshold for biological markers relevant to circulatory disease (Advisory Group on Ionising
Radiation 2010; Little et al.
These hearings were prompted by a rising tide of articles in the medical literature drawing attention to the danger posed by the increasing use of ionising
radiation in medical diagnostic imaging, mainly a result of an explosive increase in the number of CT scans that are performed annually.
The word 'radiation' is associated in the public consciousness with radioactivity, which does produce carcinogenic forms of radiation (called ionising
radiation) including gamma rays and X-rays.
Quoting from reports by the US National Academy of Sciences (2005) on the risks from ionising
radiation, and the seventh report on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR VII): Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation: