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a membranal complex of proteins that is capable of transporting ions against a concentration gradient using the energy from ATP.
ion pumpa PROTEIN capable of pumping IONS actively across a MEMBRANE against a concentration gradient. See, for example, the SODIUM PUMP.
n a complex of proteins located in the cell membrane that is responsible for actively transporting ions across the membrane against a concentration gradient using energy rich ATP molecules. Functions in maintaining osmotic balance in cells and in the conduction of nerve impulses. See also ATP.
an atom or group of atoms having a positive (cation) or negative (anion) electric charge by virtue of having gained or lost one or more electrons. Substances forming ions are electrolytes.
the positively charged hydrogen atom (H+), present to excess in acid solutions.
the pair of ions created when an atom has had an electron removed by ionizing radiation.
a strategy for treatment of poisonings based on the principle that cell membranes are less permeable to ionized compounds. With knowledge of the characteristics of the toxin, treatment can be given to alter the acid-base balance in favor of ionization.