In this group of patients, the following treatment was administered to prevent infections: i) broad-spectrum antibiotics intravenously, and 0.5% iodophor
injected to the capsular bag every day; ii) after strict disinfection during surgery in phase I, the capsule should be retained and even the broken capsule should be repaired, if possible, and reserved; iii) the artificial capsular bag was wrapped with several layers of wet gauze and normal saline to keep the water and drain the abdominal effusion, then it was wrapped with an aseptic dressing to reduce the contact of effusion and the outside; iv) the dressing was changed when the capsular bag was shrunk every day, and the effusion property change was observed; and v) bacterial culture was done when necessary.
Briefly, the preparatory steps for streak canal swab samples included: (1) teat ends were prepared for sampling by spraying them with 0.5% iodophor
, (2) teat ends were wiped dry with single service individual paper towels, and (3) each teat end was scrubbed with 3 cotton swabs soaked in 70% ethanol.
of cases % Heavy metals 2 2.1 Kerosene 31 32.6 Naphthalene 3 3.2 Insecticide 9 9.5 Alkali 6 6.3 Turpentine oil 3 3.2 Drugs * 19 19.8 Unknown 5 5.7 5% Phenol 1 1.1 Acid 2 2.1 Pesticide 4 4.2 Camphor 1 1.1 Preservative 6 6.3 Miscellaneous 3 3.2 Total 95 100 (* drugs included: triclofos, olanzapine, iron, norfloxacin, dicyclomine, sasartan, iodophor
, carbamazepine, lisinopril, haloperidol, nalidixic acid, amlodepin, lorazepam, herbal medicine, clonazepam, hydroquinone, metoclopromide, dapsone and atropine eye drops) * For some patients, accurate data was missing.
Disinfection was accomplished by applying disinfectant iodophor
solution around the penis and involved tissues and by covering the operative site with a surgical drape.
(LI) and liquid hypochlorite (LH) were purchased from a leading supplier of sanitizers for industrial use.
One such iodophor
is povidone-iodine (PVP-Iodine), an effective germicide used in human and animal species (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2012).
Gauze, a transparent polyurethane dressing, and an iodophor
One study reported better efficacy using an iodophor
based product (Swenson et al 2009), one found no statistical difference (Veiga et al 2008), and one found that alcohol based preparations are preferable (Byatt & Henderson 1973).
Two alternatives are available for sterilizing equipment: bleach, and iodophor
. I dislike bleach very much.
The CDC recommends a 2% chlorhexidine-based preparation, 70% alcohol, tincture of iodine or iodophor
(O'Grady et al., 2002).
or quaternary ammonium compound (quat) is preferred.
has received a patent for a coating composition comprised of a hardenable film-former and an effective amount of a reducing agent having a redox potential sufficient to decolorize an iodine or iodophor
stain on the film-former.