Study in a Goitre endemic area in Salta, Argentina, after iodization
showed a lower frequency of follicular carcinomas, but a higher frequency of papillary carcinomas when compared to the period before introduction of iodine prophylaxis.
The improvement observed in the current study might be attributed to the application of more effective strategies in the production and distribution of iodized salt to enhance universal salt iodization
program by the Ethiopian Ministry of Health in general and zonal health department in particular.
Lian et al., "Iodine status and prevalence of thyroid disorders after introduction of mandatory universal salt iodization
for 16 years in China: a cross-sectional study in 10 cities," Thyroid, vol.
Hovsepian, "Prevalence of goitre in Isfahan, Iran, fifteen years after initiation of universal salt iodization
," Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, vol.
In Ghana, efforts to reduce endemic iodine deficiency started with the adoption of universal salt iodization
programme in the beginning of 1996 .
There are several factors involved in excess iodine: high levels of salt iodization
and overlapping iodine supplementation, iodine-rich drinking water as well as iodine-rich foods intake (kelp and seaweed, iodine additives to bread/flour, preservatives, red coloring, etc.) [6, 9].
In South Africa, in order to achieve a level of 30 ppm at retail and 15 ppm in households, iodization
of table salt at a concentration of 35-65 ppm at the point of production was revised in 2006/2007 (9,10).
NNA - A K2P Policy Brief entitled "Informing Salt Iodization
Policies to Ensure Optimal Iodine Nutrition in Lebanon" which was prepared by the Knowledge to Policy Center (K2P) at the American University of Beirut (AUB) prompted the Ministry of Public Health in Lebanon to issue a decision pertaining to law 178/2011 regarding salt iodization
and monitoring mechanism.
WHO has recommended it a few decades, iodine supplementation programs mainly by salt iodization
of food at the global level to the fight against disorders caused by iodine deficiency, the iodization
technique is easy to implement .
Manufacturers are trying to fortify everyday foods with micronutrients that can be sold to consumers such as wheat flour for Beladi bread in Egypt or fish sauce in Vietnam and the iodization
Although iodine deficiency was once common in the U.S., iodization
of salt has virtually eliminated the problem.
Turkiye is located in an iodine deficency area, and salt iodization
program was initiated in 1998.