The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) supported the local iodisation of salt in Kasempa and Kaputa (local salt producing areas) and an assessment by Besa and Habulembe-Mugode  revealed that 84% of local salt producers in Kasempa iodised their salt while only 34% of the local producers in Kaputa iodised their salt.
In addition, the authors' personal observation revealed that iodisation of locally produced salt in Kaputa and Kasempa Districts has since been discontinued.
The government should strengthen the monitoring of salt iodine content at the point of entry into Zambia, at wholesale, retail and household levels to ensure correct iodisation levels.
Specific national nutrition interventions such as vitamin A supplementation and salt iodisation
have seen success in improving features like vitamin A status or iodine deficiency.
The UK, similar to other developed nations such as the USA, and, until recently, Australia and New Zealand, has never mandated iodisation
of salt or other foods - less than 5% of salt sold in the UK is iodised.
has been mandatory since 1995 and since 2003 it has been mandatory among manufacturers to fortify maize and wheat bread flour with iron, zinc, vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin and vitamin B6.
CONCLUSION: Though implementation of universal salt iodisation
was done in 1986, awareness of goitrogenic foods and its relevance to thyroid disorder is not known to women.
WHO/UNICEF recently proposed specific criteria for the categorization of salt iodisation
programs in various areas within countries .
It recommended universal salt iodisation (USI) as the main strategy, while distribution of iodised oil capsules was suggested as an interim strategy in severely affected areas.
Universal salt iodisation (USI) was successful in Zimbabwe mainly because virtually all of the country's salt requirements were imported with very insignificant local small-scale production.