The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) supported the local iodisation of salt in Kasempa and Kaputa (local salt producing areas) and an assessment by Besa and Habulembe-Mugode  revealed that 84% of local salt producers in Kasempa iodised their salt while only 34% of the local producers in Kaputa iodised their salt.
In addition, the authors' personal observation revealed that iodisation of locally produced salt in Kaputa and Kasempa Districts has since been discontinued.
National nutrition interventions such as programmes for salt iodisation or vitamin A supplementation have helped improve micronutrient availability, but in general coverage is still not high (Agble, 2009).
Specific national nutrition interventions such as vitamin A supplementation and salt iodisation have seen success in improving features like vitamin A status or iodine deficiency.
Dr Elizabeth N Pearce of Boston University School of Medicine has called for the mandatory iodisation of salt in the UK, pointing to the success of iodisation of salt in commercially-baked bread in Australia and New Zealand.
"The UK, similar to other developed nations such as the USA, and, until recently, Australia and New Zealand, has never mandated iodisation of salt or other foods - less than 5% of salt sold in the UK is iodised.
The official said that under USIP(Universal Salt Iodisation
Programme)by the end of 2009 government wanted to reach out to 90 per cent edible salt iodisation
Although Marwaha et al have reported that India has become iodine sufficient after two decades of salt iodisation
, there is no normative data for thyroid function for healthy pregnant women of this country.
WHO/UNICEF recently proposed specific criteria for the categorization of salt iodisation
programs in various areas within countries .
CONCLUSION: Though implementation of universal salt iodisation
was done in 1986, awareness of goitrogenic foods and its relevance to thyroid disorder is not known to women.
It recommended universal salt iodisation (USI) as the main strategy, while distribution of iodised oil capsules was suggested as an interim strategy in severely affected areas.
Universal salt iodisation (USI) was successful in Zimbabwe mainly because virtually all of the country's salt requirements were imported with very insignificant local small-scale production.