"There is thus a system (my visual body, my introceptive
body, the other) which establishes itself in the child, never so completely as in the animal but imperfectly, with gaps" (Merleau-Ponty, 1964, p.
The greatest differences were in body dissatisfaction (p [is less than] .006) and introceptive awareness (p [is less than] .006).
The measure is a 64-item self report questionnaire consisting of 8 subscales: Drive for Thinness (e.g., "I am terrified of gaining weight"), Bulimia (e.g., "I have gone on binges where I felt that I could not stop"), Body Dissatisfaction (e.g., "l think that my thighs are too large"), Ineffectiveness (e.g., "I have a low opinion of myself"), Perfectionism (e.g., "I have extremely high goals"), Interpersonal Distrust (e.g., I am open about my feelings"), Introceptive Awareness (e.g., "I get confused about what emotion I am feeling"), and Maturity Fears (e.g., "I wish that I could return to the security of childhood").
These analyses reveal that American women showed significantly more disordered eating than Israeli women on the Introceptive Awareness (IA) scale, suggesting that the Americans were less attuned to their inner thoughts and feelings than their Israeli counterparts.