Relation of PT with synovial membrane was noted as being extrasynovial or partially intrasynovial
: When the mainjoint space continued between the capsule and outer surface of PT partially as making a recess, it was defined as partially intrasynovial
Milgram proposed 3 histological phases based on the maturation of the lesion: (i) active intrasynovial
disease without loose bodies; (ii) transitional lesions with both active intrasynovial
proliferation and free loose bodies; and (iii) multiple osteochondral bodies with no intrasynovial
orgotein therapy in rheumatoid arthritis," The Lancet, vol.
Three phases have been described for this disease.[sup] In the first active phase, the disease is limited to the synovium without loose body formation; in the second transitional phase, there are both loose bodies and intrasynovial
lesions; and in the third quiescent phase, there are only free loose bodies without the active intrasynovial
This injury can affect both the FDS and FDP tendons and can be the most difficult to surgically manage secondary to the intrasynovial
location and the complexity of the anatomy, particularly the intricate pulley system (Figures 4,5).
Although computed tomography (CT) has been increasingly used in some veterinary institutions to evaluate the equine appendicular skeleton, including the stifle joint, carpus, hock, and fetlock [6-10], unfortunately, visualization of the soft tissues by CT is limited and commonly unrewarding without the use of intravascular or intrasynovial
The disease is classified into three phases based on the presence or absence of intrasynovial
Synovial osteochondromatosis is a benign intrasynovial
process caused by nodular proliferation of the synovial membrane.
A five year old horse was presented with complaint of firm and spherical shaped swollen mass at point of elbow (Fig.1) for last twenty days which was initially soft and was not responding to intrasynovial
injection of medicaments.
A suprafibrous corticosteroid injection technique has been found to be more accurate, less risky and easier than an intrasynovial
Also, regional epiphyseal osteonecrosis was observed in children after intrasynovial
corticosteroid injections (15).
* The first stage is characterized by the presence of active synovial chondrometaplasia without intrasynovial