At the same time we suppose that the rest of intraspecific competition
coefficients of species 1 are equal, that is, [c.sub.II] = [c.sub.IS] = [c.sub.SS].
Habitat preferences and intraspecific competition
in black-footed ferrets.
Our study demonstrated the value of browse biomass offtake for corroborating intended reductions in intraspecific competition
and gauging relationship of moose abundance to carrying capacity at higher densities.
The observed shell thickness-density dependence was expected for a mussel such as Perumytilus purpuratus that forms multilayered matrices (beds) and shows strong intraspecific competition
with increased packing (Alvarado and Castilla, 1996; Guinez, 1996; Briones and Guinez, 2005; Guinez et al., 2005).
Model system (2) with various delay kernels and delayed intraspecific competitions
have been extensively investigated in [6-13].
The present work was carried out to study the effects of mineral nutrition on peanut (Arachis hypogaea L) 'IAC Runner-886' and hairy beggarticks (Bidens pilosa L.) growth, when submitted to inter- and intraspecific competition
Part of this study was undertaken during the breeding season (April/May) (Hamr unpubl.), when intraspecific competition
would be high, which may have prevented a high recapture rate of small A.
Few studies have provided evidence for intraspecific competition
in spiders (but see Wise, 1983; Wagner and Wise, 1996; Chen and Wise, 1999; Miyashita, 2001; Reed et al., 2007b).
among blackbrush (Coleogyne ramosissima) seedlings in a controlled environmental glasshouse.
Inter-and intraspecific competition
between the fox species Alopex lagopus and Vulpes vulpes: An evaluation trial under penned conditions.
Of the early life history stages of flatfish, the juvenile phase is thought to be the most susceptible to density-dependent mortality, and intraspecific competition
among individuals is thought to lead to decreased survival of extremely strong year classes (Iles and Beverton, 2000).