Retrograde pyelography is performed with the C-arm at 0-degree angle to delineate the intrarenal
collecting system and exact location of the stone(s).
Characteristics in the post-transplant followup for cases and controls Variable Cases Controls p n=31 n=62 Post-transplant followup Basal post-transplant creatinine, 1.2 (0.35) 1.18 (0.31) 0.39 mean (SD) Post-transplant basal GFR by MDMR, 71 (32.2) 71 (20.4) 1.0 ml/min/1.73[m.sup.2], mean (SD) 5-day graft ultrasound anomalies Hydronephrosis, n (%) 4 (12.9) 3 (4.8) 0.27 Perigraft fluid collection, n (%) 2 (6.5) 7 (11.3) 0.7 Distal intrarenal
resistive index, 0.64 (0.12) 0.65 (0.08) 0.07 mean (SD) CMV infection, n (%) 2 (6.5) 4 (6.5) 1.0 BK virus infection 0 0 - Positive post-surgery urine culture 29 (29) 23 (37.1%) 0.44 CMV: cytomegalovirus; GFR: glomerular filtration rate; SD: standard deviation.
Safety and efficacy of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) vs Retrograde Intrarenal
Surgery (RIRS) in the management of stones located in horseshoe kidneys: A critical comparative evaluation.
Women who are pregnant or of childbearing age, dissecting aneurysms causing stenosis, intrarenal
thromboemboli or infarction, patients with single kidney are other supplementary indications for treatment (9, 14, 16, 18).
If examination indicates tumor absence or low-grade pathology and nephrostogram shows no extravasation/obstruction, intrarenal
mitomycin-C or BCG can be instilled (48).
The size of infarction depends on diameter of the thrombosed intrarenal
Although Shao et al . demonstrated that >50% of intrarenal
Ang II levels are derived from de novo local formation, part of the Ang II content in the kidney is likely related to Ang II uptake from the circulation.
Abdominal Ct angiogram with renal artery aneurysm extending intrarenal
with air in aneurysm (arrow) sac
Renal and intrarenal
blood-flow in cirrhosis of the liver.
Furosemide, in addition to their prominent tubular transport inhibitory action, also causes important intrarenal
hemodynamic changes by inducing local prostaglandin synthesis.
The main renal artery, intrarenal
arteries and arterioles, and glomerular capillaries, and renal vein can be involved; thrombotic lesions and glomerulonephritis (GN) have also been identified in primary APS (2).
surgery (RIRS), regular and small sized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in daily practice: European Association of Urology Section of Urolithiasis (EULIS) Survey.