Insult to fetal brain may occur antenatally or in intrapartum period
found that the risk for mother-to-child transmission increased when the acute infection was documented during the intrapartum period
This stresses on the fact that despite vigilant antenatal monitoring some of unforeseen obstetrical complications do persists in intrapartum period
, which suggest that skilled and trained health workers and team are needed in a maternity unit along with proper equipment to combat neonatal and maternal morbidity and mortality.
7) Such involvement from partners may be particularly important given that, despite midwife support for CAM, (27) current policies and guidelines from midwifery professional bodies regarding the practice of CAM are not clear (30) and as such midwives may be hesitant to offer CAM treatments during the intrapartum period
One hundred eighty-eight (81%) women received antenatal care, 120 (52%) received antiretroviral prophylaxis during the antepartum period, and 168 (72%) received intravenous zidovudine (ZDV) during the intrapartum period
More than one million stillbirths occur in the intrapartum period
( the period from the onset of labour to the end of the third stage of labour), which can largely be prevented.
Despite constant interest in and alterations made to the WHO PMTCT guidelines, and subsequently to national policies, relatively little attention has been paid to the management of HIV infection during the intrapartum period
in resource-limited settings (4).
Significantly fewer women who received MVI, compared with those who received DVI, required antibiotics during the intrapartum period
(relative risk, 0.
has higher risk of mortality for a mother and her baby.
As part of the WHO Global Survey on Maternal and Perinatal Health, cross-sectional information was collected on 287,035 women during the intrapartum period
, from admission until discharge, in 373 health care institutions in 24 countries between 2004-2005 in Africa and Latin America and 2007-2008 in Asia.
The incidence of sepsis in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) is high due to inadequate management and transplacental transfer of antibiotics which are administered to the mothers during the pre and intrapartum period
as their use might increase the likelihood of culture-negative sepsis13 -14 .