Side effects and adverse events related to intraligamentous
injection of sclerosing solutions (prolotherapy) for back and neck pain: a survey of practitioners.
injection of sclerosing solutions (prolotherapy) for spinal pain: a critical review of the literature.
pregnancy; Report of a case, review of the literature, and a discussion of the biological implications.
The primary abdominal pregnancy is defined as an ectopic pregnancy developing on the serosal surface within the peritoneal cavity excluding tubal, ovarian, intraligamentous
pregnancies and secondary implantation of primary tubal implantation .
Defined as an intraperitoneal implantation exclusive of tubal ovarian or intraligamentous
implantation.1-3 The world wide incidence varies from 1 in 654 deliveries up to 1/10,200 pregnancies, In Pakistan reported incidence is 0.04% of all deliveries and 5.6% of Ectopic pregnancy.2,4,5 Over all abdominal pregnancy accounts for 1% of ectopics.6,7
Vitamin D: In 1988, Collins and Sinclair demonstrated that intraligamentous
injections of a vitamin D metabolite, 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferaol (1,25D), caused an increase in the number of osteoclasts and the amount of tooth movement during canine retraction with light forces in cats.
Eighty-one patients (19.3%) had a variation in their intraligamentous
signal pattern that was probably caused by granulation tissue, and their MRI videos showed evidence of instability.
False positive results in case of ACL is due to intraligamentous
Here we present the case of a posttraumatic lower-extremity amputee who had also intraligamentous calcification of MCL, mimicking PSS.
However, the MRI and CT findings of the patient at the second year follow-up revealed a nonprogressive intraligamentous calcification; hence, heterotopic ossification was ruled out.
In our case, the calcification of MCL has was purely intraligamentous.