Caption: FIGURE 8: Intracellular fluid
pressure distribution at different times in the superficial layer (a) at 15 s, (b) at 16 s, and (c) at 17 s.
In acidosis (pH < 7.35) a greater number of hydrogen ions are in the intracellular fluid
, and a greater number of potassium ions are in the intravascular (extracellular space) in order to maintain the ion balance.
Depends on the amino +] [left and acids in the protein right arrow] Protein - [H.sup.+] Table 2 Mechanisms that Buffer an Acid Load Mechanisms Site Time Frame Buffer systems (primarily Extracellular fluid Immediate bicarbonate) Increased rate and depth Lungs Minutes to hours of breathing to decrease C[O.sub.2] Buffer systems (phosphate, Intracellular fluid
2-4 hours bicarbonate, protein) Hydrogen ion excretion, Kidneys Hours to days bicarbonate reabsorption, and bicarbonate generation Additional Readings
This fluid is distributed within two compartments: intracellular fluid
(ICF) and extracellular fluid (ECF).
During crisis, the dehydration of RBCs can take place, which could be a possible cause of sodium loss from the extracellular fluid into the intracellular fluid
Use of bioimpedance spectroscopy to determine extracellular fluid, intracellular fluid
, total body water, and fat-free mass.