intraaortic balloon pump

intraaortic balloon pump

an externally actuated and intermittently inflatable balloon placed into the descending aorta and that, on activation during diastole, augments blood pressure and organ perfusion by its pulsatile thrust; then, on deflation, decreases the cardiac work with each systole-the so-called counterpulsation principle-by reducing cardiac afterload. Compare: intraaortic balloon counterpulsation.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

in·tra·a·or·tic bal·loon pump

(in'tră-ā-ōr'tik bă-lūn' pŭmp)
An externally actuated and intermittently inflatable balloon placed into the descending aorta that, on activation during diastole, augments blood pressure and organ perfusion by its pulsatile thrust; then, on deflation, decreases the cardiac work with each systole-the so-called counterpulsation principle-by reducing cardiac afterload.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Ten years ago, the use of the intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) in Auckland City Hospital's coronary care unit (CCU) was fairly common.
(53.8%) patients in GpI and 16 (61.5%) patients in GpII required ionotropes, while intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) was inserted preoperatively in 4 (15.38%) in Gp 1 and 3 (11.5%) in GpII.
The advantages of the MECC system in comparison to other mechanical circulatory support technologies like the intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) or the left ventricular assist device (LVAD) are an immediate hemodynamic stabilization and additional support by unloading the right ventricle [9].
Intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) support was performed through the femoral artery in patients experiencing acute pulmonary edema associated with unstable condition or hemodynamic instability.
Kunzelman, "Ambulatory intraaortic balloon pump use as bridge to heart transplant," Annals of Thoracic Surgery, vol.
Immediately after surgery, the patient became markedly hypotensive, requiring intravenous vasopressor agents, intraaortic balloon pump placement, and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
Intraaortic balloon pump in open heart operations: 10-year follow-up with risk analysis.
If there is still no response, catecolamines, high dose insulin treatment, lipid emulsion treatment and mechanical support (pacemaker, ECMO, intraaortic balloon pump) may be administered.
He underwent a right heart catheterization, and an intraaortic balloon pump was placed.
An intraaortic balloon pump was inserted to optimise cardiac output, increase coronary blood flow and maximise myocardial and uterine perfusion.