intraaortic balloon pump

(redirected from intraaortic balloon)

intraaortic balloon pump

an externally actuated and intermittently inflatable balloon placed into the descending aorta and that, on activation during diastole, augments blood pressure and organ perfusion by its pulsatile thrust; then, on deflation, decreases the cardiac work with each systole-the so-called counterpulsation principle-by reducing cardiac afterload. Compare: intraaortic balloon counterpulsation.

in·tra·a·or·tic bal·loon pump

(in'tră-ā-ōr'tik bă-lūn' pŭmp)
An externally actuated and intermittently inflatable balloon placed into the descending aorta that, on activation during diastole, augments blood pressure and organ perfusion by its pulsatile thrust; then, on deflation, decreases the cardiac work with each systole-the so-called counterpulsation principle-by reducing cardiac afterload.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study investigated how a different pump, the intraaortic balloon pump (IABP), affected the survival rates after cardiogenic shock.
Ten years ago, the use of the intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) in Auckland City Hospital's coronary care unit (CCU) was fairly common.
(53.8%) patients in GpI and 16 (61.5%) patients in GpII required ionotropes, while intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) was inserted preoperatively in 4 (15.38%) in Gp 1 and 3 (11.5%) in GpII.
In severe cases of cariogenic shock with progressive organ dysfunction, the initiation of intraaortic balloon pumping (IABP) and/or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO) can be considered.
The advantages of the MECC system in comparison to other mechanical circulatory support technologies like the intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) or the left ventricular assist device (LVAD) are an immediate hemodynamic stabilization and additional support by unloading the right ventricle [9].
Intraaortic balloon pumping and percutaneous cardiopulmonary support were established before emergency CAG because of his unstable hemodynamic state.
Immediately after surgery, the patient became markedly hypotensive, requiring intravenous vasopressor agents, intraaortic balloon pump placement, and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
Kunzelman, "Ambulatory intraaortic balloon pump use as bridge to heart transplant," Annals of Thoracic Surgery, vol.
Intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) support was performed through the femoral artery in patients experiencing acute pulmonary edema associated with unstable condition or hemodynamic instability.
The ICCU is supposed to give highrisk coronary patients access to special procedures such as intraaortic balloon, heartbeat regulation, hemodynamic monitoring and cardioversion for arrhythmia.
Intraaortic balloon pumping in patients requiring cardiac operations; risk analysis and long-term follow-up.