intra-abdominal pressure


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intra-abdominal pressure

Pressure within the abdominal cavity, such as that caused by descent of the diaphragm.
See also: pressure
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the concerns in measuring femoral CVP is that an intra-abdominal pressure must be normal (<12mmHg).
In most clinical situations, direct measurement of the intra-abdominal pressure is impractical, so a surrogate measure of intra-gastric pressure was chosen.
In laparoscopic surgery, lower intra-abdominal pressure has no outcome-relevant advantage to higher intra-abdominal pressure.
An increase in intra-abdominal pressure in humans is directly related to morbidity and mortality (HONG et al., 2002), primarily due to the generation of abdominal compartment syndrome that impairs organ perfusion (MARSHALL et al., 1995; SAGGI et al., 1998).
Kalbhenn, "Intra-abdominal pressure, cardiac index and vascular resistance during hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy: a prospective observational study," Minerva Anestesiologica, vol.
Insufflation of carbon dioxide intraperitoneally in laparoscopic surgeries leads to the increase in intra-abdominal pressure and vascular resistance (and consequently, arterial pressure).
The pelvic floor is a dynamic system that can be damaged through childbirth and chronic increases in intra-abdominal pressure (chronic cough, constipation, and heavy work) leading to POP.
(2) Surgical parameters: volume of C[O.sub.2] insufflated, preset intra-abdominal pressure, duration of the operation, postoperative C[O.sub.2] removal, volume irrigated during operation, postoperative drainage placement, and laparoscopy procedure performed.
IAH is defined as a sustained intra-abdominal pressure greater than 12 mmHg [2].
The cause of cryptorchidism in this syndrome is unknown, but it is speculated that anatomical changes in the anterior abdominal wall hinder the increase of intra-abdominal pressure, one of the factors necessary for testicular descent [3].
These two factors led to herniation of large segments of intra-abdominal viscera into the chest under condition of increase in intra-abdominal pressure such as straining or coughing leading to respiratory compromise which led to the patient presenting with episodic respiratory difficulty simulating asthmatic attack.
(5) The symptoms develop typically following sexual activity, vaginal instrumentation and increased intra-abdominal pressure. (1) The different sites of vaginal rupture are vaginal vault, posterior fornix and posterior vaginal wall.