and the abdominal compartment syndrome: Updated consensus definitions and clinical practice guidelines from the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome.
The disease course was complicated with intra-abdominal hypertension
(22%), pancreatic abscess (9%) and pseudo cyst formation (12%).
Prospective study of the incidence and outcome of intra-abdominal hypertension
and the abdominal compartment syndrome.
Abbreviations IAH: Intra-abdominal hypertension
ACS: Abdominal compartment syndrome TURB: Transurethral bladder TURP: Transurethral prostate ETT: Endotracheal tube TBW: Total body water.
CFUs: Colony-forming units IAH: Intra-abdominal hypertension
IAP: Intra-abdominal pressure MLN: Mesenteric lymph nodes.
Both intra-abdominal hypertension
and abdominal compartment syndrome are etiologically related to increased morbidity and mortality of critically ill patients.
Incidence, risk factors and outcome associations of intra-abdominal hypertension
in critically ill patients.
Those having a distended and/or tense abdomen on physical examination were identified at risk for intra-abdominal hypertension
(IAH) and were monitored with serial intra-abdominal pressure measurements.
Patients were excluded from the study if they were younger than 18 years old, or if they had a condition contraindicating PLR, including head trauma, the wearing of venous compression stockings, amputations of one or two lower limbs, or intra-abdominal hypertension
(intra-abdominal pressure ≥16 mmHg).[sup]
Advances in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) measurement have enabled better monitoring and physiological manipulation of patients with intra-abdominal hypertension
or abdominal compartment syndrome.
Abbreviations OA: Open abdomen IAH: Intra-abdominal hypertension
ACS: Abdominal compartment syndrome TAC: Temporary abdominal closure SOFA: Sequential organ failure assessment score EAF: Entero atmospheric fistula MOF: Multiorgan failure C.: Candida spp.: Species ISS: Injury Severity Score ASA: American Society of Anesthesiologist Score.