intra-abdominal hypertension


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intra-abdominal hypertension

Abbreviation: IAH
An increase in measured abdominal pressures, from a normal of 0 mm Hg to levels between 15 and 20 mm Hg. It may occur in patients with multiple traumatic injuries to the abdomen or with intraperitoneal diseases, e.g., severe pancreatitis. It is associated with the development of abdominal compartment syndrome, shock, and multiple organ failure.
See also: hypertension
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Intra-abdominal hypertension and the abdominal compartment syndrome: Updated consensus definitions and clinical practice guidelines from the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome.
The disease course was complicated with intra-abdominal hypertension (22%), pancreatic abscess (9%) and pseudo cyst formation (12%).
Abbreviations IAH: Intra-abdominal hypertension ACS: Abdominal compartment syndrome TURB: Transurethral bladder TURP: Transurethral prostate ETT: Endotracheal tube TBW: Total body water.
CFUs: Colony-forming units IAH: Intra-abdominal hypertension IAP: Intra-abdominal pressure MLN: Mesenteric lymph nodes.
Both intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome are etiologically related to increased morbidity and mortality of critically ill patients.
Incidence, risk factors and outcome associations of intra-abdominal hypertension in critically ill patients.
Those having a distended and/or tense abdomen on physical examination were identified at risk for intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and were monitored with serial intra-abdominal pressure measurements.
Patients were excluded from the study if they were younger than 18 years old, or if they had a condition contraindicating PLR, including head trauma, the wearing of venous compression stockings, amputations of one or two lower limbs, or intra-abdominal hypertension (intra-abdominal pressure ≥16 mmHg).[sup][5]
Advances in intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) measurement have enabled better monitoring and physiological manipulation of patients with intra-abdominal hypertension or abdominal compartment syndrome.
Abbreviations OA: Open abdomen IAH: Intra-abdominal hypertension ACS: Abdominal compartment syndrome TAC: Temporary abdominal closure SOFA: Sequential organ failure assessment score EAF: Entero atmospheric fistula MOF: Multiorgan failure C.: Candida spp.: Species ISS: Injury Severity Score ASA: American Society of Anesthesiologist Score.