Several risk factors have baeen identified for post operative kidney injury such as diabetes mellitus, preexisting kidney disease, and left ventricular dysfunction, cardiopulmonary bypass time (CPB), Intra aortic
balloon pump, preoperative anemia, peri-operative red blood cell transfusions, and postoperative exploration5-7.
Complications that were significantly associated with diabetic patients were immediate renal dysfunction, bleeding and intra aortic
balloon pump (IABP) use as compared to non-diabetics.
Al-Alao, "Intra aortic
balloon pump: literature review of risk factors related to complications of the intraaortic balloon pump," Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, vol.
According to the company, the PROTECT II study was a prospective multicentre randomized trial that was "designed to assess whether a high-risk percutaneous revascularization strategy with the support of the Impella 2.5 device would result in better outcomes than a revascularization strategy with intra aortic
balloon pump (IABP) support."
The use of intra aortic
balloon pumping (IABP) in acute myocardial infarction has provided a new dimension in the therapy of this pathology.
(7.) Overwalder P Intra aortic
balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation.
(1999) Intra aortic
balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation [Web document].
Before anaesthesia induction intra aortic
balloon pump was inserted for myocardial protection (fig-).