intestinal fistula


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in·tes·ti·nal fis·tu·la

a tract leading from the lumen of the intestine to the exterior.
Synonym(s): fecal fistula

in·tes·ti·nal fis·tu·la

(in-tes'ti-năl fis'tyū-lă)
A tract leading from the lumen of the small intestine to the exterior.
Synonym(s): fecal fistula.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the reviewed literature of patients with double barreled wet colostomy, septic complications may occur in the early postoperative period as abscesses and intestinal fistulas [8,17] (Tables 3 and 4).
Increasing amounts of research suggested that inflammation and coagulation were closely related and had interaction effects.[4],[5],[6],[7] In some severe infectious events, such as intestinal fistula, the coagulation state is mainly hypocoagulable.[8] Intestinal fistula is one of the common complications of CD.
It is essential for CD patients who require surgical intervention, for example, CD patients complicated with intestinal fistula, to monitor their coagulation status regularly and systematically.
The data included gender, age, smoking status (yes or no), regular rest (yes or no, meaning that work and rest times were relatively fixed), body mass index (BMI), disease locations (small bowel only, colon only, or small bowel and colon), operation history (ileocecal resection, other small bowel resection, or colon resection), intestinal fistula (yes or no, meaning that the patient had complications of CD that needed surgical intervention), and current medication (mesalazine, sulfasalazine, or azathioprine).
The study group was stratified by complicated with or without intestinal fistula. The diagnosis of intestinal fistula was made by the findings of sonography, abdominal CT, barium meal or enema, and enteroscopy or colonoscopy.
Compared with laparotomy, it reduces the risk of intestinal fistulas, intraabdominal infection and the difficulty of postsurgical nursing care.
Patients develop symptoms of abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, anorexia and weight loss resulting from obstruction or a malabsorption type syndrome caused by the multiple intestinal fistulas or intraluminal bacterial overgrowth.
There are several mechanisms implicated in the development of intestinal fistulas. A key cause is the occurrence of a distal stricture with proximal bowel obstruction.
Common symptoms and signs of gossypiboma are abdominal distension, ileus, tenesmus, pain, palpable mass, diarrhoea, abscess and fistula formation, nausea, vomiting, anorexia and weight loss resulting from obstruction or a malabsorption type syndrome caused by the multiple intestinal fistulas or intraluminal bacterial overgrowth.
More distal intestinal fistulas are extremely rare.