intestinal atresia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

in·tes·ti·nal a·tre·si·a

an obliteration of the lumen of the small intestine, with the ileum involved in 50% of cases and the jejunum and duodenum next in frequency; most frequent cause of intestinal obstruction in the newborn; etiology may be related to a failure of recanalization during early development or to some impairment of blood supply during intrauterine life.

intestinal atresia

Etymology: L, intestinum + Gk, a + tresis, boring
a pathological obstruction of the continuous lumen of the intestinal tract caused by a defect of development in utero.

in·tes·ti·nal a·tre·si·a

(in-tes'ti-năl ă-trē'zē-ă)
An obliteration of the lumen of the small intestine, with the ileum involved in 50% of cases and the jejunum and duodenum next in frequency; most frequent cause of intestinal obstruction in the newborn; etiology may be related to a failure of recanalization during early development or to some impairment of blood supply during intrauterine life.

intestinal atresia

Congenital closure of any part of the intestine.
See also: atresia
References in periodicals archive ?
Histochemical changes in intestinal atresia and its implications on surgical management: A preliminary report.
Intestinal atresia with segmental musculature and neural defect.
Intestinal atresia and stenosis in animals: a report of 34 cases.
Apple-peel intestinal atresia associated with balanced reciprocal translocation t(2; 3)(q31.
Congenital intestinal atresia and stenosis in the newborn.
The mortality was higher in GA group in intestinal atresia [p=0.
These results are similar to what one seen in developing countries where Anorectal malformation and intestinal atresia were the common neonatal surgical emergencies.
Similarly, intestinal atresia shows that mortality is higher in GA group and GA can be identified as high risk factor for neonatal surgical emergency.
Intestinal Atresia stenosis and Malrotation of Gut: Altogether 8 cases of these anomalies have been analyzed and studied individually in this series.
Intestinal atresia and stenosis: analysis of survival in 120 cases.
78%), followed by intestinal atresia, 29 cases (10.
No Congenital Anomaly Age Range Male 1 Hirschsprung's Disease 0-12 yrs 114 2 Omphalomesenteric duct 0-15 yrs 37 remnants 3 Intestinal Atresia 0-1 month 17 4 Meconium Ileus 0-1 month 10 5 Duplication Cysts 0-10 yrs 8 6 Mesenteric Cysts 0-5 yrs 5 7 Chylolymphatic Cysts 1-10 yrs 5 8 Web/Stenosis 0-8 yrs 3 9 Meconium Cyst 0-7 days 2 10 Malrotation 0-10 month 1 11 Heterotopic Pancreas 0-5 yrs 1 12 Inspissated Bile Syndrome 1-6 month 2 13 Recto-vaginal Fistula 1-5 yrs 0 14 Tracheo-esophageal fistula 1yr 0 (TOF) 15 TOF + Esophageal Atresia 5 days 0 16 Anal Fistula 12 days 1 17 Ectopia vesicae with 7 Months 1 Duplication Cysts 18 Imperforate Anus 1 day 1 Total 208 78 286 S.