Thoracic intervertebral disc
protrusion: experience of 67 cases and review of the literature.
Osteocytes were counted in the area that was nearer to the area of injury i.e, towards the intervertebral disc
side (Figure 2).
Wu et al., "TGF-[beta]1 suppresses inflammation in cell therapy for intervertebral disc
degeneration," Scientific Reports, vol.
TNF-[alpha] promotes the production of intervertebral disc
MIS-OLIF is an approach which reaches intervertebral disc
through the retroperitoneal space between great vessels and psoas muscle.
As a result, the intervertebral disc
becomes more brittle and loses stability.
Age changes in lumbar vertebrae and intervertebral discs
The knee meniscus and intervertebral discs
are responsible for load transmission, force distribution, shock absorption, and articular cartilage protection.
Not only ligaments, joint capsule, or parts of the intervertebral disc
can elongate and may lose some of the mechanical properties, but at the same time, the tissues become vulnerable to damage and thus likely to succumb due to fatigue.
Carter, "Injectable biomaterials and vertebral endplate treatment for repair and regeneration of the intervertebral disc
," European Spine Journal, vol.
sequestration can complicate up to 28.6% of lumbar disc herniations .
Cartilaginous endplate (CEP) is a hydrated biological tissue that lies above and below the intervertebral disc
, and CEP is the main route for the nutrition supply of intervertebral disc