interstitial tissue

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Related to interstitial tissue: interstitium, interstitial fluid pressure


a group or layer of similarly specialized cells that together perform certain special functions.
adenoid tissue lymphoid tissue.
adipose tissue connective tissue made of fat cells in a meshwork of areolar tissue.
areolar tissue connective tissue made up largely of interlacing fibers.
bony tissue osseous tissue.
brown adipose tissue (brown fat tissue) brown fat.
bursa-equivalent tissue (bursal equivalent tissue) a hypothesized lymphoid tissue in nonavian vertebrates including human beings, equivalent to the bursa of Fabricius in birds: the site of B lymphocyte maturation. It now appears that B lymphocyte maturation occurs primarily in the bone marrow.
cancellous tissue the spongy tissue of bone.
cartilaginous tissue the substance of cartilage.
chordal tissue the tissue of the notochord.
chromaffin tissue a tissue composed largely of chromaffin cells, well supplied with nerves and vessels; it occurs in the adrenal medulla and also forms the paraganglia of the body.
cicatricial tissue the dense fibrous tissue forming a cicatrix, derived directly from granulation tissue; called also scar tissue.
connective tissue the tissue that binds together and is the support of the various structures of the body; see also connective tissue.
elastic tissue connective tissue made up of yellow elastic fibers, frequently massed into sheets.
endothelial tissue peculiar connective tissue lining serous and lymph spaces.
epithelial tissue a general name for tissues not derived from the mesoderm.
erectile tissue spongy tissue that expands and becomes hard when filled with blood.
fatty tissue connective tissue made of fat cells in a meshwork of areolar tissue.
fibrous tissue the common connective tissue of the body, composed of yellow or white parallel elastic and collagen fibers.
gelatinous tissue mucous tissue.
granulation tissue material formed in repair of wounds of soft tissue, consisting of connective tissue cells and ingrowing young vessels; it ultimately forms cicatrix.
gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) lymphoid tissue associated with the gut, including the tonsils, Peyer's patches, lamina propria of the gastrointestinal tract, and appendix.
indifferent tissue undifferentiated embryonic tissue.
interstitial tissue connective tissue between the cellular elements of a structure.
lymphadenoid tissue tissue resembling that of lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, tonsils, and lymph vessels.
lymphoid tissue a latticework of reticular tissue whose interspaces contain lymphocytes.
mesenchymal tissue embryonic connective tissue composed of stellate cells and a ground substance of coagulable fluid.
mucous tissue a jellylike connective tissue, such as occurs in the umbilical cord. Called also gelatinous tissue.
muscular tissue the substance of muscle.
myeloid tissue red bone marrow.
nerve tissue (nervous tissue) the specialized tissue forming the elements of the nervous system.
osseous tissue the specialized tissue forming the bones.
reticular tissue (reticulated tissue) connective tissue composed predominantly of reticulum cells and reticular fibers.
scar tissue cicatricial tissue.
sclerous t's the cartilaginous, fibrous, and osseous tissues.
skeletal tissue the bony, ligamentous, fibrous, and cartilaginous tissue forming the skeleton and its attachments.
splenic tissue red pulp.
subcutaneous tissue the layer of loose connective tissue directly under the skin.
tissue typing identification of tissue types for purposes of predicting acceptance or rejection of grafts and transplants. The process and purposes of tissue typing are essentially the same as for blood typing. The major difference lies in the kinds of antigens being evaluated. The acceptance of allografts depends on the hla antigens (HLA); if the donor and recipient are not HLA identical, the allograft is rejected, sometimes within minutes. The HLA genes are located in the major histocompatibility complex, a region on the short arm of chromosome 6, and are involved in cell-cell interaction, immune response, organ transplantation, development of cancer, and susceptibility to disease. There are five genetic loci, designated HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C, HLA-D, and HLA-DR. At each locus, there can be any of several different alleles.

Each person inherits one chromosome 6 from the mother and one from the father; that is, each parent transmits to the child one allele for each kind of antigen (A, B, C, D, and DR). If the parents are different at both alleles of a locus, the statistical chance of one sibling being identical to another is one in four (25 per cent), the chance of being identical at one allele only (half-identical) is 50 per cent, and the chance of a total mismatch is 25 per cent.
Techniques for Tissue Typing. Histocompatibility testing involves several basic methods of assay for HLA differences. The most widely used method uses the polymerase chain reaction to compare the DNA of the person, organ, or graft being tested with known pieces of the genes encoding MHC antigens. The variability of these regions of the genes determines the tissue type of the subject.

Serologic methods are used to detect serologically defined antigens on the surfaces of cells. In general, HLA-A, -B, and -C determinants are primarily measured by serologic techniques. A second method, involving lymphocyte reactivity in a mixed lymphocyte culture, for determining HLA-D or lymphocyte-defined antigens, is now only rarely used.

Essentially, the serologic method is performed by incubating target lymphocytes (isolated from fresh peripheral blood) with antisera that recognize all known HLA antigens. The cells are spread in a tray with microscopic wells containing various kinds of antisera and are incubated for 30 minutes, followed by an additional 60-minute complement incubation. If the lymphocytes have on their surfaces antigens recognized by the antibodies in the antiserum, the lymphocytes are lysed. A dye is added to show changes in the permeability of the cell membrane and cellular death. The proportion of cells destroyed by lysis indicates the degree of histologic incompatibility. If, for example, the lymphocytes from a person being tested for HLA-A3 are destroyed in a well containing antisera for HLA-A3, the test is positive for this antigen group.
white adipose tissue (yellow adipose tissue) the adipose tissue composing the bulk of the body fat.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

con·nec·tive tis·sue

the physical or functional supporting tissue of the animal body, a major constituent of which (in addition to various kinds of cells) is an extracellular matrix of ground substance, protein fibers, and structural glycoproteins; it is derived from the mesenchyme, which in turn is derived mainly from mesoderm; the many kinds of connective tissue may be classified according to cell-matrix proportion (loose vs. dense), arrangement of fibers (regular dense vs. irregular dense), fiber type (collagenous, elastic), embedded cell type (adipose, lymphoid, hemopoietic), degree of differentiation (mesenchymal, mucous), location (subcutaneous, periosteal, perichondrial), appearance (areolar, granulation), or nature of matrix (cartilaginous, osseous, or, in the cases of blood and lymph, liquid).
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

con·nec·tive tis·sue

(kŏ-nek'tiv tish'ū)
The supporting or framework tissue of the animal body, formed of fibers and ground substance with more or less numerous cells of various kinds. It is derived from the mesenchyme, and this in turn from the mesoderm. The varieties of connective tissue are: areolar or loose; adipose; dense, regular or irregular, white fibrous; elastic; mucous; lymphoid tissue; cartilage; and bone. Blood and lymph may be regarded as connective tissues, the ground substance of which is a liquid.
Synonym(s): interstitial tissue.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The interstitial tissue contained many Leydig cells, tiny veins and connective tissue (Fig.
Furthermore, in the interstitial tissue, Cxcl8a would bind to Cxcr2 present in neutrophils to enable neutrophils to reach the wound [26, 28, 50].
(c) Marked loss of general architecture of the seminiferous tubules (SNT) with loss of stratification of germ cells, area of depleted germ cells (D), scanty or hardly detected elongated mature spermatids, degenerated spermatogonia (g), and primary spermatocytes (P) with observed wide large interstitial tissue spaces (*) and congested blood vessels (BV) (x400).
Interstitial tissues shows infiltration by chronic inflammatory cells (++) and congestion (++).
The combined exposure group exhibited significantly widened interstitial tissue (P < 0.001).
We calculated the number of sections needed to find 1000 incidences of Leydig cells (cytoplasm or nucleus) in the interstitial tissue. For this calculation we used a 100-point reticle attached to a binocular optical microscope, with a final magnification of 1000X.
SCF group presented edema areas among germinal cells, delayed cell line maturation and areas of degenerated interstitial tissue.
In our study, we also found that BAFF was expressed in renal interstitial tissue, most infiltrated in class IV LN and has elevated proteinuria (g/24 h), blood urea nitrogen, and serum creatinine levels.
The volume density of glycogen storage (PAS-positive granules in cytoplasm), the interstitial tissue (Sirius red staining) and the myofibril volume fraction (HE method) were estimated as described previously [13, 27, 28].
The present results indicated that exposure of mice to 3 [micro]T of 50 Hz magnetic field from 0 day of gestation affects testicular development by reducing the population of Sertoli cells, destroying gonocytes, and rupturing tubules or cords in a way that Sertoli-like cells infiltrated into the interstitial tissue. Our results are similar to the findings of [48,17,33,40,6].
Based on clinical manifestations of broncho-pulmonary paecilomycosis, all investigated patients were divided into two groups: 1st group--25 people with predominance of the clinical signs of bronchial asthma (5 people with chronic obstructive bronchitis, 20 people with bronchial asthma) and 2nd group--54 people with predominance of the clinical signs of inflammation process of the lungs' parenchyma and interstitial tissue (38 patients with pneumonia, 16 patients with exogenous-allergic alveolitis).