brown adipose tissue; SNA: sympathetic nerve activity; UCP1: uncoupling protein 1; [beta]3-AR: beta 3-adrenergic receptor; TR[alpha]1 and TR[beta]1: TH receptors; PGC1[alpha]: peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-coactivator; CPT1a: carnitine palmitoyltransferase; Dio2: type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase; POMC: proopiomelanocortin; MC4R: melanocortin 4 receptor; AMPK: AMP-activated protein kinase; pAMPK: phosphorylated AMPK.
Ran, "In vivo optical imaging of interscapular
brown adipose tissue with 18F-FDG via cerenkov luminescence imaging," PLoS ONE, vol.
In their study, 55 patients with unilateral interscapular
pain were evaluated.
In addition, there were no significant differences in weight gain, BW at PN22, or the weight of the gonadal, inguinal, retroperitoneal, white, or brown interscapular
fat pads; nor were there significant differences in AGD, AGDi, LSI, body length, or heart, spleen, or liver weight and liver fat infiltration in female or male offspring (Table 2).
Animals received a preoperative injection of resveratrol intraperitoneally (traditional IP slow bolus injection with a needle going either directly to the IP cavity or through an interscapular
port implanted subcutaneously and connected to a catheter sutured in the muscle wall of the IP cavity) 16 hours before surgery.
Leptin induces thermogenesis via the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and innervation of interscapular
brown adipose tissue and also by activating leptin-responsive thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) neurons within the hypothalamus .
The sutures in the inguinal and interscapular
regions were sprayed with topical antibiotics.
In newborns, BAT is mainly located around the neck and the interscapular
The proximal part of the catheter was introduced subcutaneously through the thoracic area and exited the skin of the interscapular
He had a history of interscapular
pain and intermittent haemoptysis the last five days.
Catheters were exteriorized at the interscapular
region through a subcutaneous tunnel.
At the time of sacrifice epididymal fat pad (white adipose tissue, WAT) and interscapular
fat (brown adipose tissue (BAT)) were carefully isolated and sum of the weight of WAT and BAT per 100 g of body weight was used as an indicator of obesity (adiposity index).