proposes a symbolic dimension to interoceptive
reality independent of
Other subscale estimates included Interpersonal Distrust (ID) and Interoceptive
Awareness (IA), r = .
The final stage of training involves the introduction to interoceptive
exposure, where clients induce hyperventilation, experience physiological symptoms of panic, and bring the uncomfortable symptoms under control quickly with slow, regular breathing (Garssen, de Ruiter, & van Dyck, 1992).
The above data show that psi information can be channeled into awareness in a variety of ways, such as sensations, feelings, intuitions, thoughts, interoceptive
sensations, kinesthetic impressions, etc.
These matchings result from linking perceptions experienced by the exteroceptive areas, with self-oriented, species-specific values generated by the interoceptive
This reinstatement effect has also been demonstrated to come under discriminative control with interoceptive
drug states for food reinforcement (Troisi, 2003b).
To treat this type of disorder this is a wide variety of techniques coming from different theoretical bodies (cognitive restructuring, breathing techniques, interoceptive
exposure, different forms of relaxation, hypnosis.
Keywords--acceptance, distress tolerance, emotion regulation, interoceptive
exposure, mindfulness, nicotine dependence
Visual Analogue Scale (VAS)--a self-report questionnaire designed to measure current interoceptive
Multiple regression analyses were used to determine which variables best predicted subjects' drive for thinness and interoceptive
There are eight subscales that reflect attitudinal, behavioral, and psychological correlates of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa: drive for thinness (DT), bulimia (BUL), body dissatisfaction (BDIS), ineffectiveness (INEF), perfectionism (PER), interpersonal distrust (IDIS), interoceptive
awareness (IA), and maturity fears (MF).
This 64 item, self-report measure is composed of 8 subscales: body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, bulimia, perfectionism, ineffectiveness, interpersonal distrust, interoceptive
awareness, and maturity fears.